"The dog stands."
The dictionary form is on the page where you actually pick the lesson.
I've been meaning to copy them down then conjugate them to the formal polite and informal polite version.
Most of the time, you can work backwards to get the dictionary form. There are some exceptions however:
사다 (to buy) and 살다 (to live) both conjugate to 삽니다, the formal polite non-past indicative form without honorifics.
Yea :) I've been trying to work backwards too, with words I don't know.
It's the verb stem + ㅂ니다 if the stem end in a vowel; like 서다 -> 섭니다 as you wrote about.
And verb stem + 습니다 if the stem ends in consonant. 먹다 -> 먹습니다 I'm sure you already know, but I'm just writing it here for reference :)
How do korean people distinguish dog and crab (개 and 게) if the pronunctiations are similar?
- They may be able to hear the slight difference between the 2 better than us
- Context maybe?
Correct me if I'm wrong but the -ga is used when the word is followed by a verb?
Not always. Sometimes it's 이/가 (subject marking particle), other times it's 은/는 (topic marking particle). From what I've managed to pick up I think 이/가 is used if you want to emphasize who is doing the action while 은/는 is more like emphasizing what/who you're talking about.