Complete declination table

[deactivated user]

    So I heard you like to decline nouns, articles and adjecives, so I put all the forms in a table in my evernote, so you can decline everything while you learn German.

    The table contains all possible forms. There is no linguistic terminology at all, only phrases. There is emphasizing of logic behind the inflections. There is small font to make it readable on mobile. There are some pictures.

    https://www.evernote.com/shard/s105/sh/21512f1b-b4ef-4274-8bed-ec8e0714bff5/12b61ca8e9e53ea933b685852de28704

    Please let me know if I missed something or put something wrong.

    September 16, 2017

    21 Comments


    https://www.duolingo.com/Tink629986
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    Good job.

    As far as I'm concerned "Flektierung" is not a German word, we were taught "Flexion".

    I'd also like to say that "ein Zeug" is most unusual, you wouldn't say that in German.

    The phrases as in "mögen grosses Pferd" are quite odd, too. In that particular case I'd expect "Ich mag das grosse Pferd"

    Nice layout, though :)

    September 16, 2017

    [deactivated user]

      To make it compact, I want to live just single word to mark a case. The context 'without article' is not quite clean for me. Can you suggest some phrases for 'no article + adjective + accusative|dative'?

      September 16, 2017

      https://www.duolingo.com/Elleasar
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      1) Concerning the phrases beginning with 'mögen', 'geben', 'Zeug':

      Off the top of my head I can't think of any natural sounding sentences in your desired format 'no article+ adjective + case'. I feel it needs a personal pronoun for the verbs and an article for the nouns: "Wir mögen ein großes Pferd / einen großen Hund / eine große Katze / große Tiere" (indefinite article here). "Das Zeug eines großen Pferdes / eines großen Hundes / einer großen Katze / großer Tiere".

      2) Concerning the word choice 'Zeug':

      You could replace it with another neuter noun, 'das Haus'. Works fine with content, too. Animals love to have houses! ;)

      Hope I could help!

      September 16, 2017

      [deactivated user]

        Concerning zero-article I was adviced to put something uncountable there. Probably, some food.

        And then I can replace Zeug with Essen.

        September 17, 2017

        https://www.duolingo.com/slamRN
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        qwiglydee, so are you going to reform your declension table? Also, I don't think declination table is the correct term here. I'd like to see your new table if you make changes to it. Vielen Dank!

        September 18, 2017

        [deactivated user]

          Yes, im going to replace 'zeug' and no-article row. I just have to think out something. I believe that updates will be visible immidiately.

          September 18, 2017

          https://www.duolingo.com/Elleasar
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          Works as well!

          September 17, 2017

          https://www.duolingo.com/AGreatUserName
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          That's great ... but in case you were thinking "I wonder if this would be more useful as a hat...", someone's already thought of that:

          https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XUANSmkFEGk

          September 18, 2017

          [deactivated user]

            On the hat at the right of das/der/die there is a table of "3rd peronal pronouns (w/pass instead of Gen)" WTF is this?

            September 20, 2017

            https://www.duolingo.com/slamRN
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            It says (w/ Poss in place of Gen); I don't know enough but does it mean "with Possessive in place of Genitive"?

            September 20, 2017

            [deactivated user]

              is it really some form ofdeclination, or just a joke?

              September 20, 2017

              https://www.duolingo.com/slamRN
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              The German genitive case is the case that shows possession and is expressed in English by the possessive "of" or an apostrophe ('s). The German genitive case is also used with the genitive prepositions and some verb idioms. The genitive is used more in written German and is hardly used in spoken language. So I don't think it was a joke.

              September 20, 2017

              https://www.duolingo.com/AGreatUserName
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              With the personal pronouns, there are genitive case forms: meiner, deiner, seiner, ihrer, unser, euer, ihrer ... for example "Das ist das Haus meiner", "Ich mag den Hund deiner"

              ... but they're so archaic they're almost always replaced with the possessive adjectives (sometimes called possessive articles), which look very similar but themselves take variable suffixes to reflect the case, gender and number of the possessed noun, eg. "Das ist mein Haus", "ich mag deinen Hund"

              The deinen above, for example, is functionally equivalent to the genitive form of "du" ("deiner") but is also inflected to show that "Hund" is masculine and accusative. That's why they can't be called genitive - because they can be in all of the cases reflecting the possessed thing, incl as the genitive itself (eg. deines Hundes).

              September 21, 2017

              https://www.duolingo.com/satishvc
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              Nicely done. Thanks for sharing.

              September 16, 2017

              https://www.duolingo.com/xislexstep
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              thanks

              September 16, 2017

              https://www.duolingo.com/Arachnje
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              Thank you for sharing

              September 16, 2017

              https://www.duolingo.com/Andrew249748

              thanks for posting this. has anyone found any good sources that give clear and short explanations for German grammar forms?

              September 19, 2017

              [deactivated user]

                I've explored dozens of sources. This table is shortest of what I could gather from them.

                As for "explanation" - there could not be any. Language has no logic behind it. It just happens its way, just as a natural phenomenon. Understanding without logic - that's what make learning languages amazing :)

                September 19, 2017

                [deactivated user]

                  Updated the table to make it kinda more natural and logical.

                  September 21, 2017

                  https://www.duolingo.com/slamRN
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                  I'd like the English equivalents. I get lost otherwise.

                  September 22, 2017

                  [deactivated user]

                    Probably, I should take examples from first duo lessons.

                    September 22, 2017
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