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A Guide for the Greek Subjunctive (Passive Verbs)

(For general information on the Subjunctive mood, as well as the guide for active verbs, check out the previous discussion here https://www.duolingo.com/comment/24471413)

Present Subjunctive

The subjunctive of Simple Present (Υποτακτική Ενεστώτα) shows continuation or repetition. The action expressed by the verb is ongoing or repeated.

It declares urgency, an order or a prohibition*

*An order or a prohibition with the particle μη(ν) (also known as prohibitive/imperative subjunctive) .

Formation

The Present Subjunctive (for passive verbs) is formed with:

  • The passive verb in the Simple Present form

  • The particles να, για να, όταν, πριν, αν, άµα, ας … etc. before the verb or

  • The particle μη(ν), for prohibitive usage.

Usage Examples:

Πρέπει να σηκώνομαι νωρίς το πρωί - I have to get up early in the morning.

Μην σκέφτεσαι τόσο αρνητικά. - Don’t think so negatively.

Πώς μπορείτε να τον εμπιστεύεστε; - How can you trust him?

Δεν θέλουμε να καθόμαστε ακίνητοι - We don’t want to stand still.

Αν θυμάμαι καλά, τα έβαλα μέσα στο συρτάρι. - If I remember correctly, Ι put them in the drawer.

Past Subjunctive

The subjunctive of Simple Past (Υποτακτική Αορίστου) expresses non-continuation. Τhe action expressed by the verb is not ongoing or the speaker is not interested in the duration of the action.

Formation

The Past Subjunctive (for passive verbs) is formed by:

  • The stem of the passive verb in the Simple Past form

  • The endings -ώ/ω, -είς/εις, -εί/ει, -ούμε/ουμε, -είτε/ειτε, -ούν/ουν after the stem of the verb

  • The particles να, για να, όταν, πριν, αν, άµα, ας … etc. before the verb or

  • The particle μη(ν), for prohibitive usage.

Formation Example:

For the verb κοιμάμαι (sleep): να + κοιμηθ- + -ώ -> να κοιμηθώ

For the verb σκέφτεσαι (think): να + σκεφτ- + -είς -> να σκεφτείς

Usage Examples:

Θέλω να κοιμηθώ νωρίς απόψε - I want to sleep early tonight.

Μπορείτε να καθίσετε τώρα. - You can sit now.

Πρέπει να το σκεφτείς - You have to think about it.

Αν θυμηθεί κάτι, θα μου τηλεφωνήσει - If he remembers something, he will call me.

Ελπίζω να μην χαθούν οι αποσκευές μου! - I hope that my luggage doesn’t get lost!

NOTES

  • The Greek Subjunctive is NOT the same as the English Subjunctive. In English, the term is described by the full infinitive, which of course, doesn't conjugate.

  • The Present Perfect Subjunctive (Υποτακτική Παρακειμένου) is not covered in this course.

  • For more info on Past Simple (Αόριστος), check the tips and notes here https://www.duolingo.com/skill/el/Verbs%3A-Past

For any further questions or concerns, feel free to leave a comment. ^.^

September 16, 2017

7 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jaye16

Brilliant!! This is far and away better than anything I've seen in books or the net...and I have searched. It is not only comprehensive but truly comprehensible and shows it was written by someone who knows the subject through and through AND knows the needs of the learners.

Thank you.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mariatheworld

Amazing guide for Greek subjunctive verbs. Thank you very much for this. :3


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/asherholm

Thank you for all of your helpful guides :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ct1001

I agree with jaye16. This is beautifully done.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Dimitra956826

Thank you very much! ^.^ I hope it was useful. ^.^


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/DavidKnight63

Thank you this was very helpful

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