"저는 미국에서 태어났어요."
Translation:I was born in the United States.
So apparently, I saw the definition before and I missed the part about 태. Google Translate gives fetus as a translation (from Chinese). Naver gives placenta, umbilical cord, and womb.
This implies ᄐᆞ might have been a very old pronunciation of 胎 which was borrowed from Chinese earlier. But oddly, the dictionary doesn’t explicitly show in the heading that 태 has a 漢字 form, so I can’t be 100% sure that it is at the heart of the word. ᄐᆞ as a reading of 胎 is also suspect because the vowel portion lacks an ㅣ. And I am not aware of any changes in the Korean langauge where ㆍ (아래아) diphthongizes to ㅐ.
The extra 아 in the historical spellings also suggests that the verb is a combination of two verbs (and not a noun+verb) much like 깨어나다 (깨다+나다) and a myriad of other compound verbs in Korean.
A further search led me to the Chinese Wiktionary page on the word which states the origin as 타다+나다. The English Wiktionary page helpfully lists ᄐᆞ다 as a historical spelling for 3 of the 4 meanings of 타다. That corresponds to the historical form ᄐᆞ아나다 (ᄐᆞ다+나다) listed on Naver.
And as I mentioned in another thread (https://www.duolingo.com/comment/24471121), there was a paper that suggested that the ancient Korean view of life was that a person was born from the dirt and burnt like a flame and returned to the ground. One of the definitions of 타다 one of them just so happens to be burn. Could it be that the underlying meaning of the verb is to ignite and come out? If so, how did 태어- arise from 타- (타+아)?
I suspect 타다 has been passivized to 태다 at some point to get 태어나다 from 타나다 (타+아+나다), but 태다 is not acknowledged to be a legitimate word in the dictionary—only a misspelling of 태우다 which would’ve given the form 태워나다. I’m really stumped here.
“ᅟᆞ” (a.k.a. 아래 아) is a vowel abolished in 1930 for standard South Korean but still in use for some dialects like Jeju. An unrelated left side dot marking long vowels had already been abolished nine years earlier in 1921. That side dot was originally meant to represent a syllable’s tone along with the double dot for the Middle Chinese tone system, and—as far as I’m aware—it’s not in use for any dialect even for those that have vowel length distinction (e.g.: 평안 dialect).
- “ᅟᆞ” (아래 아)
- “ᄋᆞ” (이응 + 아래 아)
- “ᄋᆞ〮” (이응 + 아래 아 + 去 tone mark)
- “ᄋᆞ〯” (이응 + 아래 아 + 上 tone mark)
The above sequences may display incorrectly on iOS, but works fine on Android, Ubuntu, and Windows 10. Some software with their own font rendering routines may also display the above sequences incorrectly.