"En réalité, nous n'avons aucune preuve."

Translation:In reality, we have no proof.

September 18, 2017



I wrote "In reality, we do not have proof. " and was marked wrong with the right answer being "In reality, we do not have a proof."

September 25, 2017


The same thing happened to me

October 10, 2017


Yeah I think it should be accepted.

November 17, 2017


why does Duo ding me for not using "got" when I wrote "in reality we haven't any proof"

September 18, 2017


Because We haven't any proof is not proper English. to have in this sentence is a verb, not an auxiliary. Thus, you have to say We don't have any proof. You can also use the construction to have got where have acts as an auxiliary before the verb got, then, you have to say We haven't got any proof

September 19, 2017


No, sorry but "we haven't any proof" may be a little old-fashioned but it is perfectly good English and has been in use for many, many years. We over-analyse a language sometimes and the result is that the language loses its soul.

September 19, 2017


Really? That's quite strange. I remember being corrected by my teacher because of this particular mistake. Of course, I hear it a lot, and I even say it myself, but I always thought that was a mistake. And since there is a justification (either to have acts as a verb, and thus has to preceded by doesn't, or it acts as an auxiliary but has to be followed by a past participle), I thought that made sense. Could you please give me some reference about this particular use of haven't?

September 19, 2017


Really. You can read the usage note here, for example. This usage is almost unheard in North America. It's more common in Britain.

May 27, 2018


Sorry but I don't have any references off hand - if I come across one I will post it. I know that many writers use the structure "haven't" where the word "got" is implied. It sounds far more eloquent to say "I haven't any brothers" than the grotesque sounding "I haven't got any brothers". Of course, one could say "I do not have any brothers" however, for building literary tension, the form "haven't" (or sometimes "have no") seems to be preferable to most writers. At least the French have the right idea about the language needing to "sound right to the ear" so do not stringently stick to strict grammatical rules (eg surrounding pronouns and prepositions). French friends of mine have a terrible time trying to translate (and understand) the word "got" that I find it best to try and avoid this word altogether. ;)

September 19, 2017


I believe you mean you haven't any references. ;-)

I'm not on board with the idea that "got" is implied. That's simply a different structure.

May 27, 2018


I wasnt under the impression that the sentence translated as 'we do not have no proof' but why is it required to say the negative twice? Ty

May 13, 2018


"In reality, we have no evidence " is rejected also. Why?

July 29, 2018


Good question. The online Collins English-French dictionary gives "preuves" as the translation of "evidence" and "preuve" as the translation of "proof", and I think with "aucune" it might even be more accurate to say that we're implying that we don't have a single piece of evidence.

September 23, 2018


n'avons aucune feels redundant (no have, no proof). What is the reasoning for the grammar?

April 4, 2019


"Ne ... aucun(e)" means "not any" or "not even one".

How French negations actually work is that "ne" provides the negation, and the second word provides the thing negated, which gives a certain clarity, emphasis, or meaning:

  • ne jamais – not ever
  • ne pas – no step (not a bit, not)
  • ne personne – no person
  • ne plus – no more
  • ne rien – no thing
  • ne aucune – no(t) one (not even one, not any)
  • ne que – not (other) than
  • ne guère – not a lot (hardly, scarcely)

Remarkably, because of their close association in these phrases, it's the "ne" that can get dropped colloquially (for several of these expressions), and the other word from the combination that can end up being sufficient on its own for negation. And this other word can then carry this associated negative meaning in certain other contexts where "ne" would no longer be included.

That is, in context, "jamais", "pas", "personne", "plus", "aucun(e)", and "rien" (and there may be others) can now be negative on their own ("never", "not", "nobody", "no more", "not any", "nothing"), but it's only by association with their use in negations along with "ne" that they've acquired their negative meanings, even though they all have positive meanings etymologically, and most continue to have positive meanings in many current contexts.

But in the full negation phrases that these words form part of, it's only the "ne" that essentially means "no" or "not", if you break the expressions down, so they can't really be considered redundant.

April 7, 2019
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