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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/HelpfulDuo

Extended hiragana list

Here’s the hiragana list with stroke order. If you need to review the hiragana first, go to Hiragana.

click to enlarge

・Here’s the extended hiragana chart.

Some of them have the same sounds but are used differently, such as じ/ぢ (ji) and じゅ/ぢゅ (ju). They are not interchangeable. Make sure ゃゅょ (ya, yu, yo) on the left side of the chart are written smaller when you practice writing.

Extended hiragana list

Extended hiragana list w click to enlarge

Here’s an optional table without Romaji - Extended hiragana list without Romaji

Small っ (tsu): Double consonants

This (tsu) is smaller than the full size (tsu). When there is a small (tsu) between two hiragana, you have to pause slightly between them when pronouncing it. Typing double consonants will produce small っ (tsu).

Hiragana Romaji Meaning
こう gakkou school
kitte stamp
shippo tail

If you have any questions, please comment. If you have the answers or advice to the other users, please help each other and build our friendly community here. Thank you!

・Post finder: Language guides to help with learning Japanese

September 19, 2017

13 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Usagiboy7

Thank you for this resource.

I hope it is alright to share a related resource here? I put together a little guide for handakuten [ ゚] and dakuten [ ゙], and the little や、ゆ、よ, and つ. If anyone is interested in reading it, they can access it Here.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/UnCowboyAc

Hello! I would like to know... is there any difference between the "ji" sound in ぢ and the one in じ? And what about the "zu" in づ and ず? Thanks!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/HelpfulDuo

ぢ / じ and づ / ず are the same sounds but spelled differently, depending on the words. There are only a handful of these exceptions. Here are two examples.

・つづく (continue) --- つ+つ+く : The second つ is hard to pronounce when you do つ x 2, so became づ.

・そこぢから ( real strength) = そこ+ちから : Two words are combine into one word, thus ち became ぢ.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/John-McQuirck

Don't worry, they're the same sound represented in different kanas.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Xefjord

It looks like you are essentially making tips and notes for your Japanese course here. Is there any plans to include these as actual tips and notes when the course gets a web release?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Duo_Werner

Thanks a lot for your work. Small problem: The link "click to enlarge for "Here’s the extended hiragana chart." does not work for me.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/HelpfulDuo

Thank you for pointing it out. This link is the same chart as the one below, but I added the link anyway for easy access.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Marutsui

ありがとう


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Matalya1

I think an important note for the "small tsu". The name of what it does is "gemination". The "small tsu" is called sokuon (促音そくおん). The gemination is the process through which you pronounce a consonant for slighly longer. It is NOT a glottal stop, as I thought. The glottal stop /ʔ/ odes not exist in Japanese's phonology. So, for example, 一生 (A lifetime), is read as isshou. But you should NOT pronounce it as i-shou, but as ishhhou. The "slight stop" comes because it's really common to have geminated K's, which aren't really possible to elong by nature, so it appears to be like it stopped, but it's just trying to pronounce for longer, a consonant that is pronounced instantaneously. Wanna know what is a glottal stop? Is when you cut the pronunciation of a vowel altogether. What's that? Well, for example, when you pronounced "uh-oh", it's /uʔoː/, being /u/ the "uh" and /oː/ the "oh", which is slightly longer than a normal /o/.


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