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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/HelpfulDuo

Extended hiragana list

Here’s the hiragana list with stroke order. If you need to review the hiragana first, go to Hiragana.

click to enlarge

・Here’s the extended hiragana chart.

Some of them have the same sounds but are used differently, such as じ/ぢ (ji) and じゅ/ぢゅ (ju). They are not interchangeable. Make sure ゃゅょ (ya, yu, yo) on the left side of the chart are written smaller when you practice writing.

Extended hiragana list

Extended hiragana list w click to enlarge

Here’s an optional table without Romaji - Extended hiragana list without Romaji

Small っ (tsu): Double consonants

This (tsu) is smaller than the full size (tsu). When there is a small (tsu) between two hiragana, you have to pause slightly between them when pronouncing it. Typing double consonants will produce small っ (tsu).

Hiragana Romaji Meaning
こう gakkou school
kitte stamp
shippo tail

If you have any questions, please comment. If you have the answers or advice to the other users, please help each other and build our friendly community here. Thank you!

・Post finder: Language guides to help with learning Japanese

September 19, 2017

20 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Usagiboy7

Thank you for this resource.

I hope it is alright to share a related resource here? I put together a little guide for handakuten [ ゚] and dakuten [ ゙], and the little や、ゆ、よ, and つ. If anyone is interested in reading it, they can access it Here.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/UnCowboyAc

Hello! I would like to know... is there any difference between the "ji" sound in ぢ and the one in じ? And what about the "zu" in づ and ず? Thanks!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/HelpfulDuo

ぢ / じ and づ / ず are the same sounds but spelled differently, depending on the words. There are only a handful of these exceptions. Here are two examples.

・つづく (continue) --- つ+つ+く : The second つ is hard to pronounce when you do つ x 2, so became づ.

・そこぢから ( real strength) = そこ+ちから : Two words are combine into one word, thus ち became ぢ.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/John-McQuirck

Don't worry, they're the same sound represented in different kanas.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Xefjord

It looks like you are essentially making tips and notes for your Japanese course here. Is there any plans to include these as actual tips and notes when the course gets a web release?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Duo_Werner

Thanks a lot for your work. Small problem: The link "click to enlarge for "Here’s the extended hiragana chart." does not work for me.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/HelpfulDuo

Thank you for pointing it out. This link is the same chart as the one below, but I added the link anyway for easy access.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Roberto29347

It's an easy fix though - it just points to "KVxuMHT.pn" instead of ".png", it's just missing the final "g" in the extension.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Marutsui

ありがとう


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Matalya1

I think an important note for the "small tsu". The name of what it does is "gemination". The "small tsu" is called sokuon (促音そくおん). The gemination is the process through which you pronounce a consonant for slighly longer. It is NOT a glottal stop, as I thought. The glottal stop /ʔ/ odes not exist in Japanese's phonology. So, for example, 一生 (A lifetime), is read as isshou. But you should NOT pronounce it as i-shou, but as ishhhou. The "slight stop" comes because it's really common to have geminated K's, which aren't really possible to elong by nature, so it appears to be like it stopped, but it's just trying to pronounce for longer, a consonant that is pronounced instantaneously. Wanna know what is a glottal stop? Is when you cut the pronunciation of a vowel altogether. What's that? Well, for example, when you pronounced "uh-oh", it's /uʔoː/, being /u/ the "uh" and /oː/ the "oh", which is slightly longer than a normal /o/.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ER1KALEE

Thanks for the helpful note @matalya1!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Marshhaallll

Oh man, I wish I would have found this prior to learning Hiragana 4. It would have helped with my reading of things drastically. This really needs to be on the app!!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/CardSharkTorpedo

This seems to be helpful to me.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/aniaregina2

Thank you! This will help me alot with my studies! :]]]


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/LTCLinguas

Actually, it is not true that じ andぢ have the same pronounciation. It might seem that way if your native language is english, but that is because the sound じ does not exist in english. But it does exist in many other indo-european languages. For example, じ is written as "ji" (or "gi") in Portuguese (or French) and жи in Russian (would be transliterated to "zhi" in English), while ぢ would be "dji" in Portuguese and джи in Russian (transiterated to English as "ji"). If you are a native english speaker, notice that you pronounce the letter "j" with two sounds, the first one being a "d". To pronounce じ you have to NOT use that "d" sound. By the way, the same applies to "zu" in づ (has the "d") and ず (doesn't). This is actually a very interesting example of how your native language (or rather the languages you are exposed to as a child) condition your phonological awareness - in this case your ability to be aware that two syllables are different.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Fonzy7567

I hate to be that guy, but for Standard Japanese, they do have the same pronunciation. I don't think how Japanese is transliterated affects how a character is said, rather, how a character is said is what affects how it is transliterated. So let's look at Japanese itself, rather than other languages. It's well established that the 四つ仮名 are pronounced differently in different regions, and that difference is more pronounced in older generations. The 四つ仮名 are usually all said differently in areas in the south of the country, as compared to Kansai and Tokyo where ぢ and じ are the same, and so are ず and づ. See this map as a reference for the distribution of which sounds are merged. https://www.imabi.net/yotsugana.htm

Not that the other pronunciations are wrong, but it would probably be best for the learner to learn Standard Japanese before delving into regional dialects.


[deactivated user]

    Awesome. Thanks


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/UW1r13

    Even more extended list: ゐ【wi】, ゑ【we】 for fun/otaku usage. Also see Hentaigana (not 'Hentai' related).

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