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  5. "Ihr esst Brot."

"Ihr esst Brot."

Translation:You are eating bread.

March 12, 2013

227 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/yarsah1

but Du is also you. so how can we use Du.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Preditor

Du is the singular form. Ihr is plural as in "You all" or "you guys".


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Rcarr87

But still, am I thick or am I missing something here, how can we know if they want the plural or the singular? I have scanned all the comments and people seem to be getting it from the vaguest description, which means I must be missing something simple. Just saying its singular or plural doesn't really make a difference as far as I can see.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/JustGee

You are to identify from the conjugated form of the verb. Esst means it's the plural that is implied.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Rcarr87

Thank you! All is clear.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Ash2of6

Esst vs Isst Do they sound different, or can you only work it out from context?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ThomasLutt3

@ash2of6 Isst sounds like the ending of "this" plus a t at the end. Esst sounds like the endong if "quest"


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/TonberryPie

I thought -en (essen) indicated plural.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

Only in the sense that -s (eats) indicates singular in English.

“He eats” is singular and uses -s; “I eat” is singular but does not use -s. It’s not a “mark of the singular”, since it’s used by some but not all persons in the singular.

Similarly, -en is used by some but not all persons in the plural in German: by first and third person plural (“we” and “they”) but not by second person plural (“you [all]”), which has -t instead.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NeoTubNinja

It represents one of the plurals, "they", but it also represents the infinitive as well as the singular "you".

EDIT: And "we". Thanks @mizinamo


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AdamLilja1

Well they said ihr not du


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/yarsah1

thanks @preditor.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Charles-IV

Thank you this explaying all


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Squidney669045

Thanks i was realy confuzzeled


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Mari60400

Thanks, that helps.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/xociquetzal

But it takes the same conjugation as the singular?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/xociquetzal

Oh, no, esst vs isst... this is becoming not as easy as it was at first...


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NeoTubNinja

Luckily there aren't too many irregular verbs. Most you'll be able to guess at once you know the infinitive.

Once you get sein memorized and out of the way, it's downhill from there!


[deactivated user]

    Then why should we use "esst" instead of "essen"?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

    Then why should we use "esst" instead of "essen"?

    What do you mean with "then"?

    Do you believe that there is a "plural form" in German and that all plural subjects take the same verb form?

    That's no more the case than English having a "singular form" -- you can't say "I plays, you plays, he plays". "plays" is only used in the singular -- but not for all kinds of singular subjects.

    Similarly, essen is only used in the plural -- but not for all kinds of plural subjects.

    essen is used for wir (first person plural) and for sie (third person plural).

    ihr is second person plural (you, not we or they), and takes verb forms end in -t, e.g. ihr esst.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Emeka_

    So, "du esst brot" is also a correct sentence if I'm referring to just one person?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

    "du esst brot" is also a correct sentence if I'm referring to just one person?

    No -- that would be Du isst Brot. with the verb form isst (not esst) and with Brot capitalised.

    Some verbs change their vowel in the du and er/sie/es forms, and essen is one of them. That's why it's du isst and not du esst.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MariellaVe17

    " du isst Brot" is correct... Singular " ihr esst Brot" is Plural!


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Ash575233

    Doesn't Ihr also mean 'they'?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/willfinche

    You're wrong too


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EddieKim

    What is the difference between "Ihr" and "Sie"? Is it a formality issue?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/wataya
    • "Ihr esst Brot" = "you (plural, informal) eat bread"
    • "Sie essen Brot" = "you (formal, both plural and singular) eat bread" or "they eat bread"

    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/redtrauma

    Informal? Im so lost


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/abhinav4848

    Informal: Speaking to friends; Formal: Speaking to teachers, strangers...


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/LayaMaddah

    Sie = she or they Ihr = you (plural)


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/calypso15

    Is it more correct to translate "Ihr" as "You all" rather than "You"? There's no you-plural in English (that I know of...)


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/wataya

    The 'you all' form is mostly used in grammar exercises to distinguish the singular and plural 'you'. So, just 'you' is fine.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/padjocollins

    in Ireland most of us in the south say 'ye' for you plural . In dublin/northern Ireland it's you's . I couldn't imagine speaking english without having the word ye or substitute to distinguish between singular and plural


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/lsl6992

    The southern US uses "y'all," and I think the northeast uses "yous." I haven't heard what other regions use, if they use a different word at all


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EmmettHoll

    I've been a resident of Western Massachusetts for almost my entire life, and I've been to all the surrounding states and also have driven back and forth from Iowa a few times fairly recently and I don't recall anyone ever saying "yous"... I would say "you guys" maybe. I THINK I MAY have heard it from from family members that live on the Mohawk reservation in Quebec next to Montreal, but I'm not really sure, and it's been like 20 years since I went up there myself, when I was still a kid.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NeoTubNinja

    I think I've heard it from Boston/NYC area. Maybe Philly. I'm more familiar with central/south USA though, so I'm not positive.

    EDIT Hah I should have looked this up the first time, but there is actually a wiki entry for it.

    https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/yous


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EmmettHoll

    I don't know... I don't remember hearing it. I've spent a fair amount of time in Boston, my mom is from there, and I've also been to NYC quite a few times too. shrug


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EmmettHoll

    I don't know... I'm actually more Irish than anything else, but I still don't remember hearing it. I would probably cringe if I heard it, lol.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Ken666078

    I grew up in Brooklyn, I was always yous or yous guys


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Brandon16754

    In Connecticut we say "you" to a single person or a group. The context distinguishes whether it's one or more people.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/nth256

    ... unless you're from the Southern US, then it's "y'all", but that's still not really accepted.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/KOSSI

    Ya'll are helping a bunch.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Roman.Shushin

    English 'You' is actually plural, 'Thou' is the singular form – conjugating with the verbs ending '-st' – that is very similar to the German verb form.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/TimothyGeek

    English 'you' is actually singular. It is also plural. 'Thou' is archaic and isn't commonly used any more.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Roman.Shushin

    Even if 'thou' is declared arhaic (most English speakers will understand the word), it still doesn't makes 'you' singular.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Casey982198

    Most English speakers will think you're reciting Shakespeare or practicing for your next trip to Renn Faire. "You" is singular today and "thou" is relegated to history.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/alinago

    How do you recognize when it is "Ihr" or "Er"????? just did a mistake because I typed "Er isst" while it was "Ihr esst"


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Brian11e

    same here. I think the pronunciation is wrong. Ihr should be pronounced as'ear' and 'er' should be like 'air'.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mjtsiavlis

    Er and Ihr sound very similar in this app but esst and isst sound quite different, if that helps?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/universalconnect

    Look at the verb forms, they should comply to either Ihr or Er.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Ethan554107

    Ihr sounds like Ear. Er sounds like Air.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/melissanoelle

    Is 'ihr' as 'she' only when used as an object and 'ihr' is 'you all' only when used as a subject?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/lsl6992

    Yes. Think of ihr as "y'all/her"


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Krinadoodle

    That moment when you have a pesky typo and say "you are eating Brad".


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EmmettHoll

    Lol, I wrote "You are eating brot".... which is technically correct without translating the word, but it was marked wrong of course. I must be studying too hard, even in spoken English (my native language. Ich bin Amerikaner!) I catch myself almost saying German words. I'm actually spending about 2-3 hours a day on it across 4 different apps and I'm also studying along with my girlfriend.

    If you want a bit of a challenge, switch to learning English for a German speaker on Duolingo. It's fun and helps you learn more about Deutsch Grammatik. I went and took the placement test and it unlocked all but the last 6 lessons and gave me 2550 xp. Heads up, it will switch the interface to German and only show the courses listed for a German speaker learning other languages. You will not lose your progress here though, you just have to add a new course and readd the course for English learning German and it will restore whatever courses you had already started.

    Anyway, Ihr and Du can both be used if Duolingo asks you to translate "You are eating bread." into German. You just need to use the right form of the verb along with it.

    "Du isst" und "Ihr esst"

    I suggest trying to go with the one you least remember to practice it, since Duolingo accepts both anyway. Alot of people seem to try hard to figure out which forms to use based off of the English sentence that needs to be translated, but many of these sentences can actually be translated multiple ways and all are usually correct according to Duolingo. As long as you know there are a few ways to say the same thing, depending on situations not expressed on Duolingo, you're already winning! Keep up the good work!


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/LanaSubaLanaBaja

    In Northern Ireland they say 'yous'. Could be an atavistic throwback to German.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/urbaer

    In Australia we say 'youse', never realised we got it from the Irish.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Mathildabee

    Some Italian Americans in my neighborhood used to say, "yous guys" or "where are yous going?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EithneD

    More likely a throwback to the Irish language. In Irish there's a plural "you" so we tend to use various plurals of "you" in English, depending on the region (ye, yiz, yous, etc.).


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/GermanMan01

    When do we use 'esst' and 'isst'???


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SureshPras

    What is the form of "eat" that's to be used with 'Er'?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/q1zx

    Weird. Cool word. So would Ihr esst be the same a Du isst? (If I typed that right.)


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/JustGee

    yea, you right on that.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EmeraldNguyen

    Both Dú and Ihr mean you. So when should i use Ihr instead of Dú ?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/JustGee

    Du is when yu are talking with/to someone you are very familiar with or that you are older than, eg your friend, child, subordinate, etc. While Ihr is for when you are talking to/with several people together (in the sentence or conversation). Eg when you referring to 'you all' and not a single person. The 3rd one: Sie (with capital S) is when you talking to an older person or a formal conversation where you show courtesy or respect to the person.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EmeraldNguyen

    Oh thanks for the useful explanation.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/brianvanoyen

    Can someone tell me the difference in lese, lesen, and liest pleas?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AtalinaDove

    This has been covered a lot already, but it has to do with conjugation and who is doing the action. I read = Ich lese. You read = Du liest. He/she/it reads = Er/sie/es liest. We/they read = wir/sie lesen. You (formal) read = Sie lesen. you (plural) read = ihr lest.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/obaida98

    Can anyone put the diffrent forms of the verb eat with all pronouns?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/zhangjie6

    Have a question.. why not plus "ein" or "das" before bread this time???


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AtalinaDove

    If it were "ein Brot", that would mean "a bread', which doesn't really make sense.

    If the question asked you to translate "I eat the bread" then you would put das before Brot, as the definite article is included. Since the word the is missing from the sentence, though, you would not translate the sentence and add it in.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/BrandyAnnD

    Is there a cheat to know when to use esst, isst, essen, esse, ect...? I cant seem to get it.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo
    • ich esse
    • du isst
    • er isst / sie isst / es isst
    • wir essen
    • ihr esst
    • sie essen

    You have to choose the verb form that corresponds to the subject.

    For example, if the subject is ihr then the verb form will be esst.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Sachin452358

    There are very few examples I have found related to 'ihr' (singular). So I did not understand how verbs will be used with 'ihr'(singular). Are these will be the same as used with 'du'? Like- trinkst, hast, heißt, liest, kommt etc. Please help.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

    No -- forms for the subject ihr end in -t, while forms for the subject du end in -st.

    They may be similar if the verb stem ends in -s, because then the ending -s-st is simplified to just -st, e.g. reisen (to travel):: du reist / ihr reist.

    But otherwise, you have e.g. du trinkst but ihr trinkt.

    Often, the ihr form is similar to the er, sie, es form which also ends in -, e.g. er trinkt versus ihr trinkt.

    But the du and er, sie, es forms sometimes change the vowel of the verb stem, while the ihr form does not, e.g. sehen (to see) has du siehst, er sieht but ihr seht, and lesen (to read) has du liest, er liest but ihr lest.

    For your other examples: ihr habt (regularly formed from the verb stem hab- of haben plus the ending -t) and ihr heißt, ihr kommt (which you guessed correctly)


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Ace371805

    Is "ihr esst brot" both "you eat bread" and "you are eating bread"?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

    That’s right.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Miha137089

    Why are some verbs (e.g. trinken) conjugated the same with er/sie/es and ihr and different with du,

    but others (e.g. essen) are the same with du and er/sie/es but different with ihr?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

    There are three issues at play here:

    1. The regular endings are -st for du and -t for both er/sie/es and ihr.
    2. When the verb stem (before the -en ending of the infinitive) ends in a /s/ sound (spelled -s, -ss, -ß, -z, -x), then -st is simplified to -t: the -s- of the verb stem and the -s- of the ending merge. Thus reisen, hassen, heißen, tanzen, boxen have du reist, du hasst, du heißt, du tanzt, du boxt and not du *reisst, du *hassst, du *heißst, du *tanzst, du *boxst.
    3. Some verbs change the vowel of their stem -- but only in the du and ihr/sie/es forms.

    2 + 3 interact in four possible ways:

    1. stem does not end in /s/ sound; vowel does not change (regular verbs), e.g. leben -- du lebst; er/sie/es lebt; ihr lebt. er/sie/es and ihr forms are identical here but du is different since it has -st.
    2. stem does not end in /s/ sound; vowel changes, e.g. geben -- du gibst; er/sie/es gibt; ihr gebt. All three forms are different: du has -st and vowel change; er/sie/es has -t and vowel change; ihr has -t but no vowel change.
    3. stem ends in /s/; vowel does not change, e.g. pressen -- du presst; er/sie/es presst; ihr presst. All three forms are identical.
    4. stem ends in /s/; vowel changes, e.g. essen -- du isst; er/sie/es isst; ihr esst. Now du and er/sie/es are identical (because the -s- of -st in the du form assimilates to the stem ess-, and both forms have a changed vowel) but ihr is different (because it doesn't have the changed vowel).

    The assimilation of -st to -s- -ss- -ß- -x- -z- is regular, but whether a verb changes its stem vowel is something you have to memorise: as you can see in the examples, pairs of verbs can be very similar but one might change and the other not.

    And sometimes Germans don't even all agree on whether a verb changes its vowel or not -- backen and fragen are usually regular in the standard language (er backt, er fragt), but backen can also have er bäckt with vowel change in the standard language, and regional dialects may have er frägt.

    https://www.duden.de/rechtschreibung/backen_herstellen_garen

    https://www.duden.de/rechtschreibung/fragen

    http://www.canoonet.eu/inflection/backen:V:haben:Strong

    http://www.canoonet.eu/inflection/fragen:V:haben

    (Note that CanooNet does not mention this regional alternative with vowel change for fragen, presumably since it's non-standard; Duden mentions it as landschaftlich "regional".)


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Randomisedx

    What is the difference between esst and essen?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Randomisedx

    Ok, so esst is only used with Ihr?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Kerrier

    The website you linked to has been hacked, and possibly has malware embedded. Best to avoid this site altogether.

    Another website with the difference between esst and essen is here: http://en.bab.la/conjugation/german/essen


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/zhangerer

    why can't translate it into "they are eating bread"


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/wataya

    "Ihr" doesn't mean "they."


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RafaelFarina87

    "sie" would mean "they"


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/iamabagel

    I thought "Du" could mean you as well... you know, like "Du bist eine Frau"


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/TimothyGeek

    "Du" is singular, "ihr" is plural.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ZeyadSan

    "Er isst Brot" and "Ihr esst Brot" are same in sound :/ How can I distinguish between them!


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/minimalistcc

    isst /i/, esst /e/


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ElidaTaus

    I think isst is more eest and esst more of an eh sound


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/TimothyGeek

    That would work, but be sure to capitalize Brot.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/asaredox

    IT MUST BE Er isst Brot .


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/rezawasist

    the voice lesson need to fix , when i says the word it doesnt recognize , but when i say random words its magicaly recognize , is there any of you guys got the same problem ?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/TheSniff

    Okay, I need a bit of help here.

    In German, there are apparently two ways to say her or she, sie and ihr. Can someone explain to me when to use either of them.

    Also, I believe that there needs to be an article before 'Brot' in this sentence. I said 'you are eating the bread', but it counted me as wrong. From my understanding, you need the article to say that they're eating a specific piece of bread, and not to say 'they eat bread(in life in general)'.

    I know I may sound fairly dumb here, but this is my second day studying German.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AtalinaDove

    Okay. I'm going to do my best explaining here.

    The base word for 'she' is 'sie'. When a woman is the subject OR the direct object of a sentence (nominative and accusative cases), you refer to her as 'sie'.

    "Sie isst Brot." "Er kennt sie." (She eats bread and He knows her")

    When the woman is the indirect object of a sentence (Dative case), meaning the action is being done to her (like you give a gift TO her), then you use 'ihr'.

    "Er gibt ihr ein Geschenk." (He gives her a gift)

    Now, one more usage of 'ihr' that you might run into is when you are describing something as that woman's belonging. You would only see it as "ihr" and not "ihre" or "ihren" or even "ihrem" in the nominative case for masculine and neuter nouns, and in the accusative case for neuter nouns.

    "Ihr Buch" (her book) "Er hat ihr Buch" (he has her book) "Ihr Kopf" (Her head" "Ihre Hand" (her hand)

    and so on.

    If you need further explanation, please tell me!


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/anandrkanekal

    For indirect object as mentioned by you, dative case is used. But,I can't spot dative case in your sentence: Er gibt Ihr ein Geshenk.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Blunderingblue

    Any help with pronouncing the r in Brot, please?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AtalinaDove

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SaDK8aAn73Q

    Maybe this will help a bit (I did some digging around, can try to find other resources if you need). The things I always focus on (note: I'm definitely not a native speaker, but learned how to pronounce Brot when I was 12 or so and thus I remember struggling with it and later getting it at least recognizable).

    Things that might help as well - you don't need to totally roll the r beautifully long like in many languages. It can be kind of short, and especially when you're saying it right after a b, don't worry about fully pronouncing it, just enough that one could understand that it was 'Brot' and not 'bot'. If you listen to the recordings I'm sending you might hear a couple roll the r clearly, but it mostly sounds almost like a guttural 'h' sound right after the b.

    Also, for some other Germans saying it:

    http://forvo.com/search/brot/ http://forvo.com/word/brot/#de

    Some other words that contain a br:

    http://forvo.com/search/gebrochen/ http://forvo.com/search/Broteinheit/ http://forvo.com/word/br%C3%B6tchen/#de


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AmbieeBloo

    Are 'Ihr' and 'Er' pronounced differently? I know there's a slight difference but I can't really hear it. Am I missing something? When I get good at recognising the words as text, I repeat the lessons but I avoid looking so I can learn the sounds. I keep messing up when it comes to 'Ihr' and 'Er'


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/viktorija.lulaka

    i was thinking that Ihr means I not You Why?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AtalinaDove

    Perhaps you're mixing it up with 'ich'?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/TheNameNoO

    Why esst instead of essen?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

    Because the subject is ihr, and ihr goes with the verb form esst.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Ritu382346

    How can i phrase a question like "are you going to eat?"


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/padjocollins

    When is Ye going to take over the world .....


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/spicywater

    Woah I almost thought it was you are eating newspaper


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/bella.hughes

    Ihr can also be 'she' though


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

    I can't think of an example where it can.

    ihr can be "(to) her", but not - I think - "she".


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NiaIsnaini

    Why I can't use "isst"?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

    Because that's the wrong verb form for the subject ihr.

    Like you can't say "I is" or "you am".


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/devanme

    Du: you (singular) Ihr: you (plural)

    like yall but its proper german not proper english


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/laura394021

    I wrote in the correct answer and it didn't accept it


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AravindBab1

    Hey i got this right. But how to say in German 'You eat bread?" or i eat bread.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SamirKrasn1

    You all?It just doesnt seems correct to me


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NeoTubNinja

    You've never been to Texas then!


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/elvinda141

    How to differentiate between eat and eating?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

    In German, you don't have to! Much easier :)

    There's just one present tense, whether you're talking about something that is happening now or something that happens regularly or repeatedly.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/humble_fool

    Sie(she) isst and ihr esst. Why? I thought -(verb)t like trinkt is used with both of them.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

    Some verbs change their vowel in the du and er, sie, es forms -- essen is one of them, and so the ihr form (which keeps the vowel of the infinitive) is not the same as the er, sie, es form (which has a changed vowel).

    Another common verb that does this is geben, which has ihr gebt but er gibt.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Turtlezqua

    I thout it was eating sausages


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ADTAmor92

    What is the difference between "Ihr" and "Du"? Also between "esst" and "essen"?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

    You would use du when speaking to one person whom you know well (or a child), and ihr when speaking to several people whom you know well (or several children).

    esst and essen are different forms of the same verb -- you have to pick the right one depending on the subject. For example ihr goes with esst and wir goes with essen. It's a bit like how we say "I am, you are, he is" and can't say "I is, you am, he are".

    Note that in English, "we are, you are, they are" all use the same form of the verb, but in German, only "we" and "they" share the same verb form; informal "you" (whether to one person or to many) uses a different verb form.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Muyil

    I felt I was doing okay until this lesson. Now it seems as though everything I thought I knew has flown out the window. Please, any help out there?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NeoTubNinja

    Not to second-guess you, but it says you're level 25 in German.

    Are you saying this is the first time you've encountered this conjugation of essen? Maybe just forgot or had a brain fart? I know I don't use ihr conjugations much so it's understandable.

    https://study.com/academy/lesson/essen-german-conjugation.html


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Nathan608479

    How come not "You eat a bread"?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

    "a bread" sounds wrong to me in English.

    In German, ein Brot is possible, meaning a loaf of bread, but that's not what this sentence says -- it has Brot without an article, treating it uncountably, the way I would expect in English: that is, an unspecified quantity of the substance "bread". (Could be a crumb, a slice, a loaf, three slices, or any other quantity.)


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/BradenGrey

    whats the difference between isst and esse?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

    Different forms of the same verb -- you have to choose the one that matches the subject.

    ich esse but du isst, er isst, sie isst.

    And here, the subject is ihr so you need ihr esst.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Lavanya.M

    Difference between Isst,Esse


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Girlcatlove1524

    Isst is used for du & er/sie/es, whereas esse is used for Ich. It goes Ich esse, and du or er/sie/es isst. They mean the same thing, just have different endings.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Jerica426238

    Can someone please tell me the differences between isst/esst/esse/etc?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NeoTubNinja

    They are all various conjugations of the verb essen which means to eat. Du isst. Ihr esst. Ich esse.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/A-mac72

    Where is the best website to review German verb conjugation?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NeoTubNinja

    While I haven't tried a lot of sites, Pons has a pretty good table which I used for Futur and Perfekt tenses.

    Here is the table for essen.

    It can be found by searching the word and looking at the verb table on the right-hand side. If you click "more", it gives the full table.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MINA72704

    Hii.... It is hard to me to make a diffrent between (esst _essin..... And also in (du_der_dir) Can any one help me !


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NeoTubNinja

    It's not too bad when you get the patterns down. Try to focus on learning the patterns with regular verbs.

    https://www.iwillteachyoualanguage.com/learn/german/german-tips/german-verb-conjugation

    Once you know the basics you'll be able to conjugate regular verbs you haven't seen before the same way you do in English. Finding a good table or site for conjugations helps when learning as well.

    Here is the verb conjugation table for essen:

    https://en.pons.com/verb-tables/german/essen?q=Essen&l=deen&in=ac_de


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Mya981615

    What are the different forms of are eating,am eating,etc and when should they be used?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Girlcatlove1524

    Ich esse, du isst, er/sie/es isst, wir/Sie essen, ihr esst.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mary.behre

    What is thr difference between esst and isst?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

    They are different forms of the same verb; esst is used when the subject is ihr and isst is used when the subject is one of du, er, sie, es.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/kstrtmn

    Why not, "Ihr essen Brot"?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

    Because the subject and the verb don't match.

    The verb form for ihr is esst -- ihr esst "you eat".


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/saraths8

    You eat bread is the right answer. I typed 'You all eat bread' and it was accepted. which is the meaningful translation, right?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NeoTubNinja

    They're both correct, but I would say "You all" is more meaningful because ihr is the plural form and you all explicitly shows that it's plural where as you could be ambiguous without context.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Israelz84

    Why is it "Ihr esst" and not "Ihr essen" what am I missing? do they not both mean "You are eating"?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NeoTubNinja

    Other people have already explained it pretty well, but basically the subject and verb don't match. You need the correct conjugation. Saying "Ihr essen." is tantamount to saying "You eats."


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MuhAlhaj

    Which one is more correct You eat bread Or You are eating bread


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

    That depends on the context -- without context, neither is "more correct"; they are both equally valid.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Joo680320

    why is " 're " typo?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

    What was the entire sentence that you typed?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/GarrenShan

    Why esst and not isst?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

    Because the subject is ihr.

    du isst and er isst have a changed vowel but ihr esst has the same stem vowel as the infinitive essen.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Ken666078

    I have trouble hearing isst and esst and Ihr and Er, any rules to distinguish what the person is saying?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Girlcatlove1524

    The pronunciations don't sound right? You'll have to pay attention to what they are saying exactly. For example, ihr sounds more like 'ear' and er sounds more like 'air'


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

    The verb is essen with an e.

    This verb is one of many that changes the stem vowel for the du and er/sie/es forms -- but only in those two.

    This means that the ihr form uses the same stem vowel as the base form essen, i.e. ihr esst.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/HarrisNicholas

    The esst and isst sound the same.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ali.b.1998

    Is there any differences between simple present and present continuous in german?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

    No, not in the standard language.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Sue919013

    There is no right answer on my page. It just says I used the wrong word and prints the English.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ParakramSingh

    What is the difference between 'essen'and 'esst'? Danke (in advance)


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

    This has been answered many times already, in several different ways. Please read the existing comments first.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ValentinSe14370

    When should I use "isst" ?, because I don't have a complete conjugation of the verb "essen". I can not understand why you cannot give conjugation of the verb in singular and in the plural. "I eat, you eat, he, she, it eats, we eat, you eat, they eat".


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

    I can not understand why you cannot give conjugation of the verb in singular and in the plural.

    But we do.

    This sentence is part of the lesson unit "Accusative Case".

    The tips and notes for this unit - https://www.duolingo.com/skill/de/Accusative-Case/tips - give a full conjugation for this verb, as well as general ideas on how regular verbs in German conjugate.

    Please always read the tips and notes before starting a new lesson unit.

    The tips and notes are not currently available on any mobile apps for the German course, as far as I know, so you will have to use a browser to visit the website https://www.duolingo.com/ .

    Then click on the lightbulb icon after choosen a lesson unit:


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/margoembargo

    Isnt ihr I? Is it also you? How can you tell them apart?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

    Isnt ihr I?

    No. "I" is ich.

    ihr is... many things, depending on whether it's before a noun or not, and which case it is in. (See my comment https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/21721534$comment_id%3D23831061 if you're interested.)

    In this sentence, ihr is in the nominative case and not before a noun, so it means "you" (referring to several people at once).


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Sechesin

    "Ihr ____ Brot" You(plural) eat Bread. The subject is a plural, therefore the verb should reflect that, but we went with the singular because...?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/lotte830935

    Ihr is not only a plural form. Just like in Dutch it can be used as a very polite form. In English there is only 'you'. In Dutch we can say 'u/uw' when talking to for example your boss, a director... Therefore, when using it as the very polite form it is singular. But, even when using Ihr as u plural or singular form, the verb reflects the difference because: singular: er/sie/es isst, plural or polite form: Ihr Esst


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

    Ihr is not only a plural form. Just like in Dutch it can be used as a very polite form.

    That used to be the case (probably under influence of French) but it's not used like that in Germany any more.

    Doing so will sound very old-fashioned.

    The modern German polite form of "you" is Sie, which is inflected like the sie which means "they", e.g. Sie essen "you eat". (This polite pronoun is always capitalised.)


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

    we went with the singular

    Did we?

    The ihr form always ends in -t, e.g. ihr esst, ihr trinkt, ihr habt, ihr geht, ....

    (Exception: ihr seid.)

    The er form also ends in -t, e.g. er isst, er trinkt, er hat, er geht, ....

    Sometimes, the two look the same (e.g. ihr trinkt, er trinkt) and sometimes not (e.g. ihr esst, er isst).

    That doesn't mean that the ihr form is singular -- there is no "singular verb form" or "plural verb form" in German, any more than there is in English. (For example, "have" is not exclusively plural, since it's also used for "I have"; "has" is not "the singular form" since it's not used for "I". Similarly, wir haben and sie haben are both plural and both end in -en, but since ihr habt is also plural, that means that -en is not "the plural form".)

    Each subject has its own particular verb form.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Sechesin

    Ah. Kinda wish it clarified that in the incorrect answer prompt. A lot of this program is finding trends, but if you follow the wrong trend without clarification, it's hard to break later.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

    The error messages unfortunately often leave something to be desired (i.e. they are often not particularly good, compared to what a thinking human would give as guidance).


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mukulchatu

    Still can't differentiate when to use Essen, isst, esse, etc


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MaiaLearnsGerman

    I always get confused by Ihr. Is it always used as a plural "you"? Or...is it ever used as a sigular "you"? Because...the "st" ending is used for...words implying to more than one person, correct? Sorry. I really want to learn. I just dont want to simply memorize the phrases. I want to understand the language too.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

    Because...the "st" ending is used for...words implying to more than one person, correct?

    The -st ending is for du (i.e. when speaking to one person).

    But the verb here is essen and the stem is ess- -- and ihr esst is ihr ess-t with the ending being only -t, not -st: the s before the t is part of the stem, not part of the ending.

    ihr verbs always end in -t. (Except for ihr seid.)

    du verbs always end in -st... except that if the verb stem ends in a /s/ sound (ss, ß, x, z), the -s- gets "swallowed" by the verb stem and thus essen, genießen, boxen, tanzen form du isst, du genießt, du boxt, du tanzt and not du issst, du genießst, du boxst, du tanzst.

    ihr as a subject is for plural "you". (Using it as a polite singular as in French used to be common hundreds of years ago, but is pretty much obsolete now. The modern polite pronoun is Sie, which acts grammatically like sie "they".)

    When ihr is not a subject, it can mean various things, e.g. "her, their, ..." -- see https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/21721534$comment_id%3D23831061 .


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Mattheus_Q._Z

    When I get this question there is no way to answer it, no word box, no typable space, no nothing. --- And now it keeps giving me the same question with no solution.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/--Rachael--

    How can you remember "essen", "esse", "esst", an "isst" for words? I can never remember which goes for which. Thanks!


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Stardustnroses

    I don't think typos should be counted as incorect...I'm bad at spelling so duolingo just keeps telling me i'm incorect.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/emilie998888

    I got it wrong however it look correct and spelling too i don't understand


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MariosChry1

    Is 'You are eating bread' the same as 'You all eat bread'?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ARG2015

    Why we use isse for Brot and esse for Apfel


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

    Why we use isse for Brot

    We don't. isse is not a German word.

    and esse for Apfel

    esse is used when the subject is ich. The object (bread, apple, cake, ...) is irrelevant.

    The verb ending only depends on the subject:

    • ich esse
    • du isst
    • er/sie/es isst
    • wir essen
    • ihr esst
    • sie/Sie essen

    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/cutebubblegumpop

    Isnt ich i? Im so confused


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

    Isnt ich i?

    Yes, ich is "I".

    But this sentence has ihr, which is "you" (when speaking to several people whom you know well).

    Both have three letters, start with "i", and have a "h" in them but they are not the same: ich - ihr.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AmirMeimar

    Why "You eat bread" is not correct?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

    Why "You eat bread" is not correct?

    That's a correct translation.

    Do you have a screenshot showing that translation being rejected?

    Did you, perhaps, have a listening exercise rather than a translation exercise?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AmirMeimar

    Unfortunately, I don't have a screenshot! And I cannot remember the question's type :)


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SilentSpitta

    ihr is plural in this phrase it should be du


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

    ihr is plural

    Yes, that's right.

    in this phrase it should be du

    Er, what? why?

    If you're talking to several people at once, you need the plural pronoun ihr; you cannot simply replace it with the singular du.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NaghmehMiz

    No sound on listening exercises


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RafifSilva

    Thank you, all is good


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RafifSilva

    Thanks, all is clear


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Pragya458585

    Difference between esst and isst please? Thankyou in advance


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/TheDisemboweler

    I thought ihr was outdated formal and sie was the perfered formal now a days.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

    I thought ihr was outdated formal

    True.

    ihr is only used as the informal plural these days.

    sie was the perfered formal now a days.

    No. The formal pronoun is Sie -- capitalised.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AbigailBra712630

    Could someone please tell me what all the "esst, essen, isst" and all of those that have to do with eating and drinking mean? Like, which one do you use in what context. I just keep messing up on these. Thank you


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/thouhastme

    They should simply use Thou/Tha, Thee, and Ye. Makes it much easier to understand the intended meaning.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sRedMountain

    That wouldn't work for me, since I've not been taught these forms at all (whatever I know of them comes from poetry and games). I'm sure many others who learned English as a second language would be in the same boat. That said, I'd love to have some kind of clue as to the plurality and formality of the 'you's.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/billywm

    You haven't been taught those forms because they're archaic. His suggestion is ridiculous....and possibly a joke.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Shug_Avery

    Why is "Brot" not "das Brot"this time?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AtalinaDove

    I just answered a different comment asking the same question (zhangjie6's) so if you still wonder and then get this you should read that and then delete this comment to help with the clutter :)


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Evelynne55466

    if you spoke english in yr country you wld KNOW that my answer hss the same meaning as yours.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

    my answer

    Nobody can see what you wrote.

    When you have a question about something that was not accepted, please always quote your entire answer.

    References to "this" or "my answer" or the like are not helpful.

    Even better: take a screenshot, upload it to a website somewhere, and include the URL to the image in your comment.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EmmettHoll

    Sie is they. Sie is also She, so it depends on how you use it. Ihr is you, but like "Y'all" (you all in southern american english)... in other words, the plural form of you, and it is also informal, as is Du. Sie is also the formal version of you, both singular and plural, and it is always capitalized without exception if used that way.

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