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  5. "Ihr esst Brot."

"Ihr esst Brot."

Translation:You are eating bread.

March 12, 2013



but Du is also you. so how can we use Du.


Du is the singular form. Ihr is plural as in "You all" or "you guys".


But still, am I thick or am I missing something here, how can we know if they want the plural or the singular? I have scanned all the comments and people seem to be getting it from the vaguest description, which means I must be missing something simple. Just saying its singular or plural doesn't really make a difference as far as I can see.


You are to identify from the conjugated form of the verb. Esst means it's the plural that is implied.


Thank you! All is clear.


Esst vs Isst Do they sound different, or can you only work it out from context?


@ash2of6 Isst sounds like the ending of "this" plus a t at the end. Esst sounds like the endong if "quest"


I thought -en (essen) indicated plural.


Only in the sense that -s (eats) indicates singular in English.

“He eats” is singular and uses -s; “I eat” is singular but does not use -s. It’s not a “mark of the singular”, since it’s used by some but not all persons in the singular.

Similarly, -en is used by some but not all persons in the plural in German: by first and third person plural (“we” and “they”) but not by second person plural (“you [all]”), which has -t instead.


It represents one of the plurals, "they", but it also represents the infinitive as well as the singular "you".

EDIT: And "we". Thanks @mizinamo


Well they said ihr not du


I eat - ich esse... You eat - du isst... He/she/it eats - er/sie/es isst...

We eat - wir essen... You (plural/all/guys) eat - ihr esst... You (formal/respectful)/ they eat - Sie essen... Hopefully this helps.


thanks @preditor.


Thank you this explaying all


But it takes the same conjugation as the singular?


Oh, no, esst vs isst... this is becoming not as easy as it was at first...


Luckily there aren't too many irregular verbs. Most you'll be able to guess at once you know the infinitive.

Once you get sein memorized and out of the way, it's downhill from there!

[deactivated user]

    Then why should we use "esst" instead of "essen"?


    Then why should we use "esst" instead of "essen"?

    What do you mean with "then"?

    Do you believe that there is a "plural form" in German and that all plural subjects take the same verb form?

    That's no more the case than English having a "singular form" -- you can't say "I plays, you plays, he plays". "plays" is only used in the singular -- but not for all kinds of singular subjects.

    Similarly, essen is only used in the plural -- but not for all kinds of plural subjects.

    essen is used for wir (first person plural) and for sie (third person plural).

    ihr is second person plural (you, not we or they), and takes verb forms end in -t, e.g. ihr esst.


    Thanks i was realy confuzzeled


    Thanks, that helps.


    What is the difference between "Ihr" and "Sie"? Is it a formality issue?

    • "Ihr esst Brot" = "you (plural, informal) eat bread"
    • "Sie essen Brot" = "you (formal, both plural and singular) eat bread" or "they eat bread"


    Informal? Im so lost


    Informal: Speaking to friends; Formal: Speaking to teachers, strangers...


    Sie = she or they Ihr = you (plural)


    Is it more correct to translate "Ihr" as "You all" rather than "You"? There's no you-plural in English (that I know of...)


    The 'you all' form is mostly used in grammar exercises to distinguish the singular and plural 'you'. So, just 'you' is fine.


    in Ireland most of us in the south say 'ye' for you plural . In dublin/northern Ireland it's you's . I couldn't imagine speaking english without having the word ye or substitute to distinguish between singular and plural


    The southern US uses "y'all," and I think the northeast uses "yous." I haven't heard what other regions use, if they use a different word at all


    I've been a resident of Western Massachusetts for almost my entire life, and I've been to all the surrounding states and also have driven back and forth from Iowa a few times fairly recently and I don't recall anyone ever saying "yous"... I would say "you guys" maybe. I THINK I MAY have heard it from from family members that live on the Mohawk reservation in Quebec next to Montreal, but I'm not really sure, and it's been like 20 years since I went up there myself, when I was still a kid.


    I think I've heard it from Boston/NYC area. Maybe Philly. I'm more familiar with central/south USA though, so I'm not positive.

    EDIT Hah I should have looked this up the first time, but there is actually a wiki entry for it.



    I don't know... I don't remember hearing it. I've spent a fair amount of time in Boston, my mom is from there, and I've also been to NYC quite a few times too. shrug


    I don't know... I'm actually more Irish than anything else, but I still don't remember hearing it. I would probably cringe if I heard it, lol.


    I grew up in Brooklyn, I was always yous or yous guys


    In Connecticut we say "you" to a single person or a group. The context distinguishes whether it's one or more people.


    ... unless you're from the Southern US, then it's "y'all", but that's still not really accepted.


    Ya'll are helping a bunch.


    English 'You' is actually plural, 'Thou' is the singular form – conjugating with the verbs ending '-st' – that is very similar to the German verb form.


    English 'you' is actually singular. It is also plural. 'Thou' is archaic and isn't commonly used any more.


    How do you recognize when it is "Ihr" or "Er"????? just did a mistake because I typed "Er isst" while it was "Ihr esst"


    same here. I think the pronunciation is wrong. Ihr should be pronounced as'ear' and 'er' should be like 'air'.


    Er and Ihr sound very similar in this app but esst and isst sound quite different, if that helps?


    Look at the verb forms, they should comply to either Ihr or Er.


    Ihr sounds like Ear. Er sounds like Air.


    That moment when you have a pesky typo and say "you are eating Brad".


    Is 'ihr' as 'she' only when used as an object and 'ihr' is 'you all' only when used as a subject?


    Yes. Think of ihr as "y'all/her"


    Lol, I wrote "You are eating brot".... which is technically correct without translating the word, but it was marked wrong of course. I must be studying too hard, even in spoken English (my native language. Ich bin Amerikaner!) I catch myself almost saying German words. I'm actually spending about 2-3 hours a day on it across 4 different apps and I'm also studying along with my girlfriend.

    If you want a bit of a challenge, switch to learning English for a German speaker on Duolingo. It's fun and helps you learn more about Deutsch Grammatik. I went and took the placement test and it unlocked all but the last 6 lessons and gave me 2550 xp. Heads up, it will switch the interface to German and only show the courses listed for a German speaker learning other languages. You will not lose your progress here though, you just have to add a new course and readd the course for English learning German and it will restore whatever courses you had already started.

    Anyway, Ihr and Du can both be used if Duolingo asks you to translate "You are eating bread." into German. You just need to use the right form of the verb along with it.

    "Du isst" und "Ihr esst"

    I suggest trying to go with the one you least remember to practice it, since Duolingo accepts both anyway. Alot of people seem to try hard to figure out which forms to use based off of the English sentence that needs to be translated, but many of these sentences can actually be translated multiple ways and all are usually correct according to Duolingo. As long as you know there are a few ways to say the same thing, depending on situations not expressed on Duolingo, you're already winning! Keep up the good work!


    In Northern Ireland they say 'yous'. Could be an atavistic throwback to German.


    In Australia we say 'youse', never realised we got it from the Irish.


    Some Italian Americans in my neighborhood used to say, "yous guys" or "where are yous going?


    More likely a throwback to the Irish language. In Irish there's a plural "you" so we tend to use various plurals of "you" in English, depending on the region (ye, yiz, yous, etc.).


    When do we use 'esst' and 'isst'???


    What is the form of "eat" that's to be used with 'Er'?


    Weird. Cool word. So would Ihr esst be the same a Du isst? (If I typed that right.)


    yea, you right on that.


    Both Dú and Ihr mean you. So when should i use Ihr instead of Dú ?


    Du is when yu are talking with/to someone you are very familiar with or that you are older than, eg your friend, child, subordinate, etc. While Ihr is for when you are talking to/with several people together (in the sentence or conversation). Eg when you referring to 'you all' and not a single person. The 3rd one: Sie (with capital S) is when you talking to an older person or a formal conversation where you show courtesy or respect to the person.


    Oh thanks for the useful explanation.


    Can someone tell me the difference in lese, lesen, and liest pleas?


    This has been covered a lot already, but it has to do with conjugation and who is doing the action. I read = Ich lese. You read = Du liest. He/she/it reads = Er/sie/es liest. We/they read = wir/sie lesen. You (formal) read = Sie lesen. you (plural) read = ihr lest.


    Can anyone put the diffrent forms of the verb eat with all pronouns?


    Have a question.. why not plus "ein" or "das" before bread this time???


    If it were "ein Brot", that would mean "a bread', which doesn't really make sense.

    If the question asked you to translate "I eat the bread" then you would put das before Brot, as the definite article is included. Since the word the is missing from the sentence, though, you would not translate the sentence and add it in.


    Is there a cheat to know when to use esst, isst, essen, esse, ect...? I cant seem to get it.

    • ich esse
    • du isst
    • er isst / sie isst / es isst
    • wir essen
    • ihr esst
    • sie essen

    You have to choose the verb form that corresponds to the subject.

    For example, if the subject is ihr then the verb form will be esst.


    There are very few examples I have found related to 'ihr' (singular). So I did not understand how verbs will be used with 'ihr'(singular). Are these will be the same as used with 'du'? Like- trinkst, hast, heißt, liest, kommt etc. Please help.


    No -- forms for the subject ihr end in -t, while forms for the subject du end in -st.

    They may be similar if the verb stem ends in -s, because then the ending -s-st is simplified to just -st, e.g. reisen (to travel):: du reist / ihr reist.

    But otherwise, you have e.g. du trinkst but ihr trinkt.

    Often, the ihr form is similar to the er, sie, es form which also ends in -, e.g. er trinkt versus ihr trinkt.

    But the du and er, sie, es forms sometimes change the vowel of the verb stem, while the ihr form does not, e.g. sehen (to see) has du siehst, er sieht but ihr seht, and lesen (to read) has du liest, er liest but ihr lest.

    For your other examples: ihr habt (regularly formed from the verb stem hab- of haben plus the ending -t) and ihr heißt, ihr kommt (which you guessed correctly)


    Is "ihr esst brot" both "you eat bread" and "you are eating bread"?


    That’s right.


    Why are some verbs (e.g. trinken) conjugated the same with er/sie/es and ihr and different with du,

    but others (e.g. essen) are the same with du and er/sie/es but different with ihr?


    There are three issues at play here:

    1. The regular endings are -st for du and -t for both er/sie/es and ihr.
    2. When the verb stem (before the -en ending of the infinitive) ends in a /s/ sound (spelled -s, -ss, -ß, -z, -x), then -st is simplified to -t: the -s- of the verb stem and the -s- of the ending merge. Thus reisen, hassen, heißen, tanzen, boxen have du reist, du hasst, du heißt, du tanzt, du boxt and not du *reisst, du *hassst, du *heißst, du *tanzst, du *boxst.
    3. Some verbs change the vowel of their stem -- but only in the du and ihr/sie/es forms.

    2 + 3 interact in four possible ways:

    1. stem does not end in /s/ sound; vowel does not change (regular verbs), e.g. leben -- du lebst; er/sie/es lebt; ihr lebt. er/sie/es and ihr forms are identical here but du is different since it has -st.
    2. stem does not end in /s/ sound; vowel changes, e.g. geben -- du gibst; er/sie/es gibt; ihr gebt. All three forms are different: du has -st and vowel change; er/sie/es has -t and vowel change; ihr has -t but no vowel change.
    3. stem ends in /s/; vowel does not change, e.g. pressen -- du presst; er/sie/es presst; ihr presst. All three forms are identical.
    4. stem ends in /s/; vowel changes, e.g. essen -- du isst; er/sie/es isst; ihr esst. Now du and er/sie/es are identical (because the -s- of -st in the du form assimilates to the stem ess-, and both forms have a changed vowel) but ihr is different (because it doesn't have the changed vowel).

    The assimilation of -st to -s- -ss- -ß- -x- -z- is regular, but whether a verb changes its stem vowel is something you have to memorise: as you can see in the examples, pairs of verbs can be very similar but one might change and the other not.

    And sometimes Germans don't even all agree on whether a verb changes its vowel or not -- backen and fragen are usually regular in the standard language (er backt, er fragt), but backen can also have er bäckt with vowel change in the standard language, and regional dialects may have er frägt.





    (Note that CanooNet does not mention this regional alternative with vowel change for fragen, presumably since it's non-standard; Duden mentions it as landschaftlich "regional".)


    I put she eats Bread, is that correct?


    I put she eats Bread, is that correct?


    sie isst = she eats / she is eating

    ihr esst = you [pl.] eat / you are eating


    What is the difference between esst and essen?


    why can't translate it into "they are eating bread"


    "Ihr" doesn't mean "they."


    "sie" would mean "they"


    I thought "Du" could mean you as well... you know, like "Du bist eine Frau"


    "Du" is singular, "ihr" is plural.


    "Er isst Brot" and "Ihr esst Brot" are same in sound :/ How can I distinguish between them!


    isst /i/, esst /e/


    I think isst is more eest and esst more of an eh sound


    That would work, but be sure to capitalize Brot.


    IT MUST BE Er isst Brot .


    the voice lesson need to fix , when i says the word it doesnt recognize , but when i say random words its magicaly recognize , is there any of you guys got the same problem ?


    Okay, I need a bit of help here.

    In German, there are apparently two ways to say her or she, sie and ihr. Can someone explain to me when to use either of them.

    Also, I believe that there needs to be an article before 'Brot' in this sentence. I said 'you are eating the bread', but it counted me as wrong. From my understanding, you need the article to say that they're eating a specific piece of bread, and not to say 'they eat bread(in life in general)'.

    I know I may sound fairly dumb here, but this is my second day studying German.


    Okay. I'm going to do my best explaining here.

    The base word for 'she' is 'sie'. When a woman is the subject OR the direct object of a sentence (nominative and accusative cases), you refer to her as 'sie'.

    "Sie isst Brot." "Er kennt sie." (She eats bread and He knows her")

    When the woman is the indirect object of a sentence (Dative case), meaning the action is being done to her (like you give a gift TO her), then you use 'ihr'.

    "Er gibt ihr ein Geschenk." (He gives her a gift)

    Now, one more usage of 'ihr' that you might run into is when you are describing something as that woman's belonging. You would only see it as "ihr" and not "ihre" or "ihren" or even "ihrem" in the nominative case for masculine and neuter nouns, and in the accusative case for neuter nouns.

    "Ihr Buch" (her book) "Er hat ihr Buch" (he has her book) "Ihr Kopf" (Her head" "Ihre Hand" (her hand)

    and so on.

    If you need further explanation, please tell me!


    For indirect object as mentioned by you, dative case is used. But,I can't spot dative case in your sentence: Er gibt Ihr ein Geshenk.


    Any help with pronouncing the r in Brot, please?



    Maybe this will help a bit (I did some digging around, can try to find other resources if you need). The things I always focus on (note: I'm definitely not a native speaker, but learned how to pronounce Brot when I was 12 or so and thus I remember struggling with it and later getting it at least recognizable).

    Things that might help as well - you don't need to totally roll the r beautifully long like in many languages. It can be kind of short, and especially when you're saying it right after a b, don't worry about fully pronouncing it, just enough that one could understand that it was 'Brot' and not 'bot'. If you listen to the recordings I'm sending you might hear a couple roll the r clearly, but it mostly sounds almost like a guttural 'h' sound right after the b.

    Also, for some other Germans saying it:

    http://forvo.com/search/brot/ http://forvo.com/word/brot/#de

    Some other words that contain a br:

    http://forvo.com/search/gebrochen/ http://forvo.com/search/Broteinheit/ http://forvo.com/word/br%C3%B6tchen/#de


    Are 'Ihr' and 'Er' pronounced differently? I know there's a slight difference but I can't really hear it. Am I missing something? When I get good at recognising the words as text, I repeat the lessons but I avoid looking so I can learn the sounds. I keep messing up when it comes to 'Ihr' and 'Er'


    ihr is more like ear and er is more like air


    i was thinking that Ihr means I not You Why?


    Perhaps you're mixing it up with 'ich'?


    Why esst instead of essen?


    Because the subject is ihr, and ihr goes with the verb form esst.


    How can i phrase a question like "are you going to eat?"


    When is Ye going to take over the world .....


    Woah I almost thought it was you are eating newspaper


    Ihr can also be 'she' though


    I can't think of an example where it can.

    ihr can be "(to) her", but not - I think - "she".


    Why I can't use "isst"?


    Because that's the wrong verb form for the subject ihr.

    Like you can't say "I is" or "you am".


    Du: you (singular) Ihr: you (plural)

    like yall but its proper german not proper english


    I wrote in the correct answer and it didn't accept it


    Hey i got this right. But how to say in German 'You eat bread?" or i eat bread.


    you eat and you are eating are the same i eat bread would be "Ich esse Brot"


    You all?It just doesnt seems correct to me


    You've never been to Texas then!


    How to differentiate between eat and eating?


    In German, you don't have to! Much easier :)

    There's just one present tense, whether you're talking about something that is happening now or something that happens regularly or repeatedly.


    Sie(she) isst and ihr esst. Why? I thought -(verb)t like trinkt is used with both of them.


    Some verbs change their vowel in the du and er, sie, es forms -- essen is one of them, and so the ihr form (which keeps the vowel of the infinitive) is not the same as the er, sie, es form (which has a changed vowel).

    Another common verb that does this is geben, which has ihr gebt but er gibt.


    I thout it was eating sausages


    What is the difference between "Ihr" and "Du"? Also between "esst" and "essen"?


    You would use du when speaking to one person whom you know well (or a child), and ihr when speaking to several people whom you know well (or several children).

    esst and essen are different forms of the same verb -- you have to pick the right one depending on the subject. For example ihr goes with esst and wir goes with essen. It's a bit like how we say "I am, you are, he is" and can't say "I is, you am, he are".

    Note that in English, "we are, you are, they are" all use the same form of the verb, but in German, only "we" and "they" share the same verb form; informal "you" (whether to one person or to many) uses a different verb form.


    I felt I was doing okay until this lesson. Now it seems as though everything I thought I knew has flown out the window. Please, any help out there?


    Not to second-guess you, but it says you're level 25 in German.

    Are you saying this is the first time you've encountered this conjugation of essen? Maybe just forgot or had a brain fart? I know I don't use ihr conjugations much so it's understandable.



    How come not "You eat a bread"?


    "a bread" sounds wrong to me in English.

    In German, ein Brot is possible, meaning a loaf of bread, but that's not what this sentence says -- it has Brot without an article, treating it uncountably, the way I would expect in English: that is, an unspecified quantity of the substance "bread". (Could be a crumb, a slice, a loaf, three slices, or any other quantity.)


    whats the difference between isst and esse?


    Different forms of the same verb -- you have to choose the one that matches the subject.

    ich esse but du isst, er isst, sie isst.

    And here, the subject is ihr so you need ihr esst.


    Difference between Isst,Esse


    Isst is used for du & er/sie/es, whereas esse is used for Ich. It goes Ich esse, and du or er/sie/es isst. They mean the same thing, just have different endings.


    Can someone please tell me the differences between isst/esst/esse/etc?


    They are all various conjugations of the verb essen which means to eat. Du isst. Ihr esst. Ich esse.


    Where is the best website to review German verb conjugation?


    While I haven't tried a lot of sites, Pons has a pretty good table which I used for Futur and Perfekt tenses.

    Here is the table for essen.

    It can be found by searching the word and looking at the verb table on the right-hand side. If you click "more", it gives the full table.


    Hii.... It is hard to me to make a diffrent between (esst _essin..... And also in (du_der_dir) Can any one help me !


    It's not too bad when you get the patterns down. Try to focus on learning the patterns with regular verbs.


    Once you know the basics you'll be able to conjugate regular verbs you haven't seen before the same way you do in English. Finding a good table or site for conjugations helps when learning as well.

    Here is the verb conjugation table for essen:



    What are the different forms of are eating,am eating,etc and when should they be used?


    Ich esse, du isst, er/sie/es isst, wir/Sie essen, ihr esst.


    What is thr difference between esst and isst?


    They are different forms of the same verb; esst is used when the subject is ihr and isst is used when the subject is one of du, er, sie, es.


    Why not, "Ihr essen Brot"?


    Because the subject and the verb don't match.

    The verb form for ihr is esst -- ihr esst "you eat".


    You eat bread is the right answer. I typed 'You all eat bread' and it was accepted. which is the meaningful translation, right?


    They're both correct, but I would say "You all" is more meaningful because ihr is the plural form and you all explicitly shows that it's plural where as you could be ambiguous without context.


    Why is it "Ihr esst" and not "Ihr essen" what am I missing? do they not both mean "You are eating"?


    Other people have already explained it pretty well, but basically the subject and verb don't match. You need the correct conjugation. Saying "Ihr essen." is tantamount to saying "You eats."


    Which one is more correct You eat bread Or You are eating bread


    That depends on the context -- without context, neither is "more correct"; they are both equally valid.


    why is " 're " typo?


    What was the entire sentence that you typed?


    Why esst and not isst?


    Because the subject is ihr.

    du isst and er isst have a changed vowel but ihr esst has the same stem vowel as the infinitive essen.


    I have trouble hearing isst and esst and Ihr and Er, any rules to distinguish what the person is saying?


    The pronunciations don't sound right? You'll have to pay attention to what they are saying exactly. For example, ihr sounds more like 'ear' and er sounds more like 'air'


    The verb is essen with an e.

    This verb is one of many that changes the stem vowel for the du and er/sie/es forms -- but only in those two.

    This means that the ihr form uses the same stem vowel as the base form essen, i.e. ihr esst.


    The esst and isst sound the same.


    Is there any differences between simple present and present continuous in german?


    No, not in the standard language.


    There is no right answer on my page. It just says I used the wrong word and prints the English.


    What is the difference between 'essen'and 'esst'? Danke (in advance)


    This has been answered many times already, in several different ways. Please read the existing comments first.


    When should I use "isst" ?, because I don't have a complete conjugation of the verb "essen". I can not understand why you cannot give conjugation of the verb in singular and in the plural. "I eat, you eat, he, she, it eats, we eat, you eat, they eat".


    I can not understand why you cannot give conjugation of the verb in singular and in the plural.

    But we do.

    This sentence is part of the lesson unit "Accusative Case".

    The tips and notes for this unit - https://www.duolingo.com/skill/de/Accusative-Case/tips - give a full conjugation for this verb, as well as general ideas on how regular verbs in German conjugate.

    Please always read the tips and notes before starting a new lesson unit.

    The tips and notes are not currently available on any mobile apps for the German course, as far as I know, so you will have to use a browser to visit the website https://www.duolingo.com/ .

    Then click on the lightbulb icon after choosen a lesson unit:


    Isnt ihr I? Is it also you? How can you tell them apart?


    Isnt ihr I?

    No. "I" is ich.

    ihr is... many things, depending on whether it's before a noun or not, and which case it is in. (See my comment https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/21721534$comment_id%3D23831061 if you're interested.)

    In this sentence, ihr is in the nominative case and not before a noun, so it means "you" (referring to several people at once).


    "Ihr ____ Brot" You(plural) eat Bread. The subject is a plural, therefore the verb should reflect that, but we went with the singular because...?


    Ihr is not only a plural form. Just like in Dutch it can be used as a very polite form. In English there is only 'you'. In Dutch we can say 'u/uw' when talking to for example your boss, a director... Therefore, when using it as the very polite form it is singular. But, even when using Ihr as u plural or singular form, the verb reflects the difference because: singular: er/sie/es isst, plural or polite form: Ihr Esst


    Ihr is not only a plural form. Just like in Dutch it can be used as a very polite form.

    That used to be the case (probably under influence of French) but it's not used like that in Germany any more.

    Doing so will sound very old-fashioned.

    The modern German polite form of "you" is Sie, which is inflected like the sie which means "they", e.g. Sie essen "you eat". (This polite pronoun is always capitalised.)


    we went with the singular

    Did we?

    The ihr form always ends in -t, e.g. ihr esst, ihr trinkt, ihr habt, ihr geht, ....

    (Exception: ihr seid.)

    The er form also ends in -t, e.g. er isst, er trinkt, er hat, er geht, ....

    Sometimes, the two look the same (e.g. ihr trinkt, er trinkt) and sometimes not (e.g. ihr esst, er isst).

    That doesn't mean that the ihr form is singular -- there is no "singular verb form" or "plural verb form" in German, any more than there is in English. (For example, "have" is not exclusively plural, since it's also used for "I have"; "has" is not "the singular form" since it's not used for "I". Similarly, wir haben and sie haben are both plural and both end in -en, but since ihr habt is also plural, that means that -en is not "the plural form".)

    Each subject has its own particular verb form.


    Ah. Kinda wish it clarified that in the incorrect answer prompt. A lot of this program is finding trends, but if you follow the wrong trend without clarification, it's hard to break later.


    The error messages unfortunately often leave something to be desired (i.e. they are often not particularly good, compared to what a thinking human would give as guidance).


    Still can't differentiate when to use Essen, isst, esse, etc


    I always get confused by Ihr. Is it always used as a plural "you"? Or...is it ever used as a sigular "you"? Because...the "st" ending is used for...words implying to more than one person, correct? Sorry. I really want to learn. I just dont want to simply memorize the phrases. I want to understand the language too.


    Because...the "st" ending is used for...words implying to more than one person, correct?

    The -st ending is for du (i.e. when speaking to one person).

    But the verb here is essen and the stem is ess- -- and ihr esst is ihr ess-t with the ending being only -t, not -st: the s before the t is part of the stem, not part of the ending.

    ihr verbs always end in -t. (Except for ihr seid.)

    du verbs always end in -st... except that if the verb stem ends in a /s/ sound (ss, ß, x, z), the -s- gets "swallowed" by the verb stem and thus essen, genießen, boxen, tanzen form du isst, du genießt, du boxt, du tanzt and not du issst, du genießst, du boxst, du tanzst.

    ihr as a subject is for plural "you". (Using it as a polite singular as in French used to be common hundreds of years ago, but is pretty much obsolete now. The modern polite pronoun is Sie, which acts grammatically like sie "they".)

    When ihr is not a subject, it can mean various things, e.g. "her, their, ..." -- see https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/21721534$comment_id%3D23831061 .


    When I get this question there is no way to answer it, no word box, no typable space, no nothing. --- And now it keeps giving me the same question with no solution.


    How can you remember "essen", "esse", "esst", an "isst" for words? I can never remember which goes for which. Thanks!


    Is 'You are eating bread' the same as 'You all eat bread'?


    Why we use isse for Brot and esse for Apfel


    Why we use isse for Brot

    We don't. isse is not a German word.

    and esse for Apfel

    esse is used when the subject is ich. The object (bread, apple, cake, ...) is irrelevant.

    The verb ending only depends on the subject:

    • ich esse
    • du isst
    • er/sie/es isst
    • wir essen
    • ihr esst
    • sie/Sie essen


    Isnt ich i? Im so confused


    Isnt ich i?

    Yes, ich is "I".

    But this sentence has ihr, which is "you" (when speaking to several people whom you know well).

    Both have three letters, start with "i", and have a "h" in them but they are not the same: ich - ihr.


    Why "You eat bread" is not correct?


    Why "You eat bread" is not correct?

    That's a correct translation.

    Do you have a screenshot showing that translation being rejected?

    Did you, perhaps, have a listening exercise rather than a translation exercise?


    Unfortunately, I don't have a screenshot! And I cannot remember the question's type :)


    ihr is plural in this phrase it should be du


    ihr is plural

    Yes, that's right.

    in this phrase it should be du

    Er, what? why?

    If you're talking to several people at once, you need the plural pronoun ihr; you cannot simply replace it with the singular du.


    I thought ihr was outdated formal and sie was the perfered formal now a days.


    I thought ihr was outdated formal


    ihr is only used as the informal plural these days.

    sie was the perfered formal now a days.

    No. The formal pronoun is Sie -- capitalised.

    [deactivated user]

      I thought you said ihr = you all, so answer is essen!!??


      I thought you said ihr = you all

      That is correct.

      so answer is essen!!?

      No, why?

      ihr verb forms always end in -t (except for ihr seid).

      ihr essen is completely wrong.


      when we use eat or eating?


      Ihr is a pural, so why not the -en suffix rule (essen) with this?


      Ihr is a pural, so why not the -en suffix rule (essen) with this?

      That's a bit like asking why we don't say "I eats" in English with "the singular suffix -s".

      -en is not "the plural suffix".

      It's for wir (we) and for sie (they).

      ihr (you) is also plural but has the suffix -t.


      I am confused between isst and esst... How to use them?


      isst is for the 2 and 3 person singular, esst is for the 2 plural


      can anyone help me out with the conjugations of essen? i'm a bit confused on that


      I've found this site does verb conjugations pretty well.



      how can i understand if is "you eat bread " or "you are eating bread" , and so also for other translation, sometime it's translated eat and sometime are eating...


      how can i understand if is "you eat bread " or "you are eating bread" , and so also for other translation, sometime it's translated eat and sometime are eating...

      There's no distinction in German between the two, so either translation works.


      Ich esse, du isst, er / sie / es isst, wir essen, ihr esst, sie / Sie essen


      Thanks forr sharing, Danke


      So, its essen or esst?


      So, its essen or esst?

      Depends on the subject!

      • ich esse = ben yiyorum = yo como
      • du isst = sen yiyorsun = tú comes / vos comés
      • er/sie/es isst = o yiyor = ello/ella come
      • wir essen = biz yiyoruz = nosotros comemos
      • ihr esst = siz yiyorsunuz = vosotros coméis / ustedes comen
      • sie essen = onlar yiyor(lar) = ellos/ellas comen


      So I see "Ihr" and know the correct form of eat should be "Ihr isst". Then I see "esst" and know the pronoun should be "du". So you are allowed to use the wrong conjugation in some cases and put "ihr esst" in just to mess with people?


      So I see "Ihr" and know the correct form of eat should be "Ihr isst".

      It is not.

      The verb is essen with an e in the root.

      ihr verb forms do not change the vowel, so the correct verb form is ihr esst.

      Then I see "esst" and know the pronoun should be "du".

      I think you have learned things incorrectly.

      In verbs that change the vowel, this happens for the du form and the er/sie/es form.

      essen is one of those verbs; it changes e to i in the du and er/sie/es forms and thus has du isst and er isst, sie isst, es isst.

      du esst is wrong. ihr isst is completely wrong.


      When is essen, 'eat' or when is it 'are eating'? I don't understand the difference


      When is essen, 'eat' or when is it 'are eating'?

      In English, we use the present continuous (e.g. "are eating") when an action is taking place right now, and we use the present simple (e.g. "eat") when an action is repeated, habitual, or general.

      German does not make this distinction -- there is just one present tense.

      So you when translating from German into English, you have to choose the appropriate tense (aspect, really) depending on when the action is taking place.

      If there is no context (e.g. a word such as "right now" or "every Sunday"), then both translations will be possible.

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