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Te-form Conjugation Chart--Verbs, Nouns, and Adjectives

[Under Construction]

Explanation of abbreviations:
DF = Dictionary Form
VS = Verb Stem
Irreg = Irregular Verb
Exc = Exception

Some people use the DF to remember while others use the VS to remember. Personally, I use the VS. Both work.

Here are some Te-form Songs (to boost memory):
The VS version I learned. Yes, Usagi just sang a song for you. Voice clip only
Other versions with visuals created by other people:
VS alternative version Tune: Oh My Darling
DF version Tune: Battle Hymn of the Republic

When reading the chart, go from left to right. For example:
Line 1: DF is はらう VS is はらい. Drop the い (So, just はら now). Add って ( This is how we get the Te-form はらって).

[Coming Soon: How to go from Dictionary Form to Verb Stem.]

How to conjugate verbs (Ru, U, and Irregular), adjectives (i and na), and nouns into Te-Form.
Te-form conjugation chart verbs nouns and adjectives

September 20, 2017



I find it easier to simply conjugate to the past, and then replace 「た」with 「て」


I don't know the extent of your knowledge of Japanese. So, please forgive me if I am saying things you already know:

Not all Te-form ends in て. As shown by the chart., the complete list of possibilities include:
て・で・んで ・って・いで・いて・して・くて
depending on the type of word you are conjugating. There are 3 main types of verbs + exceptions that each require different approaches. The same is true for two kinds of adjectives. Nouns will follow the pattern of なadjectives.


But then you still need to learn the rules for the past form, which are basically the same as for the て form. So you could just use this post and replace every て/で with た/だ.


It has been a while for me. I am still slowly recalling things and only in chunks like the chart above. So, if you would like to add your own method here, that would be great!

It is always good to have more than one way to explain things, because different people will prefer different methods. :)


No your method looks good! I was just telling thecupcakefarmer that "just changing the past form to the て form" works, but that still requires you to learn the past form. And the past form is precisely the て form with the て replaced by the た (or で by だ). So my point basically is, you cannot get around learning the conjugation for one of these, so your post is very helpful for people who need to learn the conjugations!

There are probably other ways of remembering these, but it honestly doesn't really matter which one you pick. You will see the て and た forms so often that you will get used to them in no time ;)


I simply learnt the past form first, which is why I mentioned my method. Note that when the past ends in だ, so does the te form. Of course you can’t get around it, but learning one means you have learnt the other (more or less). A suggestion for you Usagi - perhaps you could add the other uses of it, such as ておく


Woah is that your handwriting on the chart? It honestly looks way better than mine :P also thanks a lot for posting this here


It is my writing, thanks! My handwriting in general is pretty sloppy now. I've lost some dexterity. So, it's nice to get a compliment. ^_^ I wish I had as nice of hand writing as some of the native Japanese folks I've met. :)

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