Translation:The dog stands.
But 이 can be also used to say "This" right? For example, if you say "고양이가..." it'd be "The cat...", but then how could you say "This cat"?
이 고양이 = this cat 이 고양이가 섭니다 = this cat stands/stops 이 개가 섭니다 = this dog stands/stops
서다. ㅂ니다 means original verb didnt have a final consonant. 습니다means original did have a final consonant^^
to conjugate into a formal declarative sentence, the pattern is [adjective/verb stem + (스)ㅂ니다].
[A/V + ㅂ니다] if there's no batchim (ending consonant) or the A/V stem ends with a ㄹ.
[A/V + 습니다] if there's a batchim at the end of the A/V stem.
here, the verb is 서다, and its stem 서.
서 + ㅂ니다 = 섭니다
Oo! I thought it was only for verbs. Could you give an example of an adjective with that conjugation?
well you might have come across 재미있다 and 재미없다, meaning respectively "(to be) interesting, fun" and "(to be) uninteresting, dull". their non-past formal polite forms are 재미있습니다 and 재미없습니다, both following the 2nd pattern [stem + 습니다] because their stems have a final batchim.
Do you have an example of a verb stem ending with ㄹ with a formal ending ? I can't figure out how it turns out.
an A/V stem ending with ㄹ loses its ㄹ before having ㅂ니다 added.
- to make: 만들다 becomes 만듭니다 (만들 - ㄹ + ㅂ니다)
- to play: 놀다 becomes 놉니다 (놀 - ㄹ + ㅂ니다)
The dictionary form is 서다, take the 서 stem and add ㅂ니다. For stems ending with a vowel, the ㅂ becomes the final consonant of the stem. If you have a stem with a consonant already you add 습니다 to the stem instead. This is for formal, non-honorific speech.
Thanks for your explanation. ..please translate the verb stem and the extensions: 서=? 서나=? ㅂ니나=?
I tried three different online translators and got three different translations... "The dog is standing.", "The dog is walking.", and "Hitting the dog."
Can someone clarify why this word is so hard to translate? I'm running into the same issue.
I'm so lost with the verbs ... consonants everything i dont know how i get arrive until this level
After seeing that dog learn too speak english, korean anf dance, seeing that it can stand is kind of underwhelming