https://www.duolingo.com/profile/HelpfulDuo

100 Portuguese-English cognates: Nouns

Cognates are words from different languages that not only look and sound alike but have the same meaning. Portuguese and English share many of these. For example: capital/capital, banana/banana, restaurante/restaurant, impossível/impossible, etc.

Although pronunciation and spelling may vary slightly, knowing a good number of cognates can help boost your confidence when starting out in a new language.

Portuguese English complementary info
acidente accident by extension:
acidental/accidental
ácido acid -----
adversário adversary by extension:
adversidade/adversity
aeroporto airport -----
agente agent by extension:
agência/agency
alarme alarm by extension:
alarmante/alarming
animal animal -----
ar air -----
área area -----
arte art by extension:
artista/artist
atividade activity by extension:
ativista/activist
atmosfera atmosphere -----
avenida avenue -----
aventura adventure -----
banana banana -----
bicicleta bicycle -----
blusa blouse -----
cafeteria cafeteria -----
calculadora calculator by extension:
calcular/calculate
câmera camera -----
carro car -----
centro center often used to refer to
a city's downtown area
cereal cereal -----
classe class applies to "school classes",
"elegance", "type"
companhia company applies to both "business"
and "companionship"
construção construction by extension:
construir/construct
continente continent by extension:
continental/continental
controle control intangible and tangible
(controle remoto = remote control)
costa coast WATCH OUT
when discussing the anatomy,
costas means "back" (dorsal)
debate debate -----
desastre disaster -----
diretor director by extension:
direção/direction,
direções/directions
distância distance by extension:
distante/distant
dragão dragon -----
elefante elephant -----
elevador elevator by extension:
elevar/elevate
erro error by extension:
errático/erratic
explosão explosion by extension:
explodir/explode
família family by extension:
familiar/familiar
fator factor -----
festival festival -----
fotografia photograph by extension:
foto/photo,
fotocópia/photocopy
fruta fruit -----
funeral funeral -----
galáxia galaxy by extension:
galático/galactic
girafa giraffe -----
gorila gorilla -----
grupo group -----
guitarra guitar by extension:
guitarrista/guitarist
helicóptero helicopter -----
hipopótamo hippopotamus -----
honorário honorary WATCH OUT!
the plural "honorários" means
"payment for services rendered"
– quite the opposite of the
unpaid/voluntary
connotation of "honorário"
hospital hospital -----
hotel hotel -----
humano human by extension:
humanitário/humanitarian,
humanóide/humanoid
ideia idea by extension: ideal/ideal
identidade identity by extension:
identificação/identification,
idêntico/identical
independência independence by extension:
independente/independent
informação information -----
inseto insect by extension:
inseticida/insecticide
inspeção inspection by extension:
inspetor/inspector
inteligência intelligence by extension:
inteligente/intelligent
laptop laptop tech-related names
are often identical
leopardo leopard -----
lista list -----
literatura literature -----
mágica magic magia can also be used
to mean "magic" when
referring to the art (magia
negra
= black magic)
maneira manner-----
mapa map -----
memória memory -----
metal metal by extension:
metálico/metallic
microfone microphone the abbreviation "mic" is
not used in Portuguese
militar military militar can also mean "soldier"
or "military officer"
minuto minute -----
momento moment -----
música music música can also mean "song"
objeto object by extension:
objetivo/objective
observatório observatory -----
ocasião occasion ocasional and "occasional" are
not always equivalent;
ocasional can mean "by chance"
oceano ocean -----
paciência patience by extension:
paciente/patient
(both a medical patient and
a person who has patience)
palácio palace -----
pânico panic -----
parque park -----
parte part by extension:
parcial/partial
perfume perfume -----
piano piano -----
planeta planet by extension:
planetário/planetarium
problema problem by extension:
problemático/problematic
rádio radio by extension:
radioativo/radioactive
rancho ranch not the sauce!
restaurante restaurant -----
série series applies to "a series of things"
as well as "TV series"
sofá sofa -----
telefone telephone WATCH OUT!
you cannot use "fone"
to mean "phone";
cell phone = celular
televisão television You can also say "TV"
teste test for school tests, use prova
turista tourist -----
uniforme uniform applies in the sense of
"consistent" as well as
the identical clothes
worn by a group
universo universe by extension:
universal/universal

Do you know any other Portuguese-English cognates? Share your examples in the comments section!

September 23, 2017

12 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/DarioCarvalhoV

example - exemplo serious - sério universe - universo mathematics - matemática message - mensagem massage - massagem text -texto exam - exame test - teste infernal - infernal venus - vênus mars - marte cognates - cognatos ball - bola frequent - frequente usual - usual exact - exato fact - fato music - musica private - privado barb/biarb - barba list - lista edit - editar zero - zero six - seis zone - zona perimeter - perímetro hipnosis - hipnose computer - computador pan - panela lamp - lâmpada and so goes on...

October 21, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jennycoy1

Thanks for even more cognates! I now have a total of 137 to memorise, in fact, if one doesn't know the correct word in Portuguese then it's always worth trying the English word - it could be almost the same. I now have to check which are Euro P and which are Brazilian. Found one already PAN - PANELA / CACAROLA ( Euro. P). Duo is keeping me busy! :))

October 21, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Joe733089

Thank you this is great and helpful information. I love Portuguese and have been in need of outside information. Muito obrigado

September 23, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jennycoy1

More very useful info. for my notice board. Thank you. :))

September 23, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/C-2015

Wow! I always have seen persons talking about False Friends. This is the first time that I see a text about Cognates. Very useful, thanks.

My list:

Cinema - cinema

Comedy – comédia

Different – diferente

Emotion – emoção

Future – futuro

Other – outro

Present – presente

There are many others.

September 23, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jennycoy1

Because I'm English, I can't really add to the list, except maybe Jeans - jeans - the type we wear! ha ha It's amazing to see how many Cognates there are - it really does help in learning and linking English/Portuguese together! Obrigada :))

September 23, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jennycoy1

Hi Helpful, I've found 2 more Cognates to add to the list :- Radiator - radiator
Racial - racial :))

October 2, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/HelpfulDuo

Hi Jenny, thanks for sharing these. They would definitely fit in our list! :)

October 4, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Stylianius1

Cell Phone in Portuguese is called "Telemóvel" (combination of Telefone and Móvel [Mobile Telephone]) A school test is usually called "teste" or "ficha de avaliação" (evaluation sheet). For national tests, the term "Exames" is used.

February 3, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Thomas.Heiss

Are there more than these 100 words?

How about a special Tinycards / Flashcard (e.g Memrise) course which explicitely teaches the mass of Portuguese/English and Portuguese/German cognates and false friends?

September 27, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/HelpfulDuo

Hi Thomas, thanks for participating in the forum. In answer to your question: Yes, there are definitely more than 100 cognates. These 100 examples were chosen randomly, but there are plenty more.

Great idea regarding the Tinycards/Flashcards course! I have forwarded your suggestion to our team. For now, we'd like to recommend the 2 decks you'll find in this link: https://tinycards.duolingo.com/search?query=portuguese%20cognates . Also, we welcome you to create your own decks to study and share with others!

September 27, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AndreasHub11

tímido - timid fácil - facile simples - simple indispensável - indispensable rápido - rapid deferencia - deference transmissão - transmission missão - mission ...

January 22, 2018
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