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  5. "문이 닫혔다."

"문이 닫혔다."

Translation:The door is closed.

September 23, 2017



Many active-passive verbs follow one of the below patterns (with exceptions):

+{아지다, 어지다} Passive Verbs

  • 좋다 (to be good) → 좋아지다 (to become better)
  • 짓다 (to build) → 지어지다 (to be built)

{-vowel, -ㅎ, -ㄲ, -ㅍ}+이다 Passive Verbs

  • 보다 (to see) → 보이다 (to be seen)
  • 놓다 (to put) → 놓이다 (to be put)

{-ㅂ, -ㅈ, -ㄷ, -ㄱ}+히다 Passive Verbs

  • 닫다 (to close) → 닫히다 (to be closed)
  • 잡다 (to catch) → 잡히다 (to be caught)

{-ㄹ, -르}+리다 Passive Verbs

  • 걸다 (to hang) → 걸리다 (to be hung)
  • 열다 (to open) → 열리다 (to be opened)

{-ㅁ, -ㅈ, -ㄷ, -ㅅ, -ㄴ}+기다 Passive Verbs

  • 안다 (to hug) → 안기다 (to be hugged)
  • 잠그다 (to lock) → 잠기다 (to be locked)

하다→되다 Passive Verbs

  • 포함하다 (to include) → 포함되다 (to be included)

하다→받다 Passive Verbs

  • 환영하다 (to welcome) → 환영받다 (to be welcomed)

내다→나다 Passive Verbs

  • 끝내다 (to finish) → 끝나다 (to be finished)

This list is not exhaustive of course…


this is very upsetting to learn about but thank you anyway. really missing the course notes on these later levels...


정말 감사함니다! Without grammar tips, this is such a lifesaver.


I screenshotted this for future reference. 100x 감사합니다!!!!


NOTE that '닫혔다' is pronounced like [다쳤다] (or [다쳐따] if we take it even further)


Personally I would translate 문이 닫혔다 as "The door closed", while "The door is closed" would be something like 문이 닫혀있다.


That's an English thing. As a passive sentence "The door is closed" would have had the meaning of "The door closed" nowadays, though the latter is personification implying the door was the agent of its own closing. Then the passive participle 'closed', doubling as a past participle, functions as a sort of adjective giving you the second sentence. It is not passive so much as describing the state of the door from the moment it is (passively) closed onward . . .

This is surely why the passive voice has fallen out of favor -- nobody could be bothered to understand it.


The question should be "문이 닫혀있다"


Yeah. The main point is being able to distinguish a passive verb 닫히다 (= be/get closed) from an adjective 닫혀있다 (= be closed)

The confusion here probably comes from the fact that the English verb "to be" can be used

• as main verb (copula), in which case, it takes on a complement (noun, a noun group, an adjective, or a prepositional phrase); as well

• as an auxiliary for passive form (be + past participle)

At this point, to quote Linguapress, in order to get round this ambiguity, In everyday English, the auxiliary 'be' is often replaced by 'get' to express a verb in the passive, whether in progressive or simple aspect.

So as you suggested, some amendment needs to be made. But it would be more appropriate to change 'be' to 'get' in the translation ...

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