Translation:In these communities I have many friends.
Why is 'Freunde' used here and not 'Freunden'? I have seen Freunden previously in this section...is there a significant difference? Thanks in advance!
Perhaps this will help you:
I suggest bookmarking these pages:
A LOT of your questions can be answered using those 4 websites (sometimes a combination of two). I use them regularly. By using them I have cut down the amount of questions I ask of Duolingo users by at least half, and I more readily remember what I've learned when I go digging on my own.
Hope that helps! (By all means, keep asking questions though!)
I wrote "in this neighboorhood i have many friends". I understand that "neighborhood" does not give full meaning for "gemeinde" can someone please clarify it a little further?
A Gemeinde is more talking about the local social/administrative unit, whereas a "neighbourhood" is more a geographical unit. The English word "community" actually has several more broader meanings - so note that Gemeinde only applies to one specifically.
Often in Germany you will have several small villages, each a couple of kilometres apart, but collectively considered one Gemeinde.
When I found the initials "GUS" in a german map, I searched and found "Gemeinschaft" as "community".
Next, I searched for the difference between "Gemeinschaft" and "Gemeinde", and found this page.
Here, it is said that "Gemeinde" is used mostly in a religious connotation. Is that right?
If so, would this sentence mean something more specific than it sounds in the standard translation? Or "Gemeinde" can be correctly used for Dorfs and groups of people in general?
Thanks in advance!
It's plural. So you may find "In these neighbourhoods I have many friends" could work :)
Is "diesen" the same as those and these in German? Because in English (and Danish) you distinguish between these and those, but Duolingo suggested both solutions for "diesen".
In German, you have diesen and jenen, but noone really uses jenen ever. So you either say always diesen or you just use a very emphasized den.
Here it is dative, because you talk about a location (where your friends are). If you combine in + accussative, you describe a direction (maybe where your friends are going to: "in diese Gemeinden gehen viele meiner Freunde").
@jholland15: Perhaps 'towns' wouldn't work by itself, but the suggested (aka mouseover) 'townships' would.
because the dependent clause is the first one in the sentence, when that happens the verb in the independent clause moves in the start. This is the subordinate conjunction
Does this happen because of this rule which says "The verb is always at the position 2 of the sentence"???
Yes. [in diesen Gemeinden] is one sentence element. If you put it at the front, the verb comes still second:
[Ich] habe [viele Freunde] [in diesen Gemeinden].
[In diesen Gemeinden] habe [ich] [viele Freunde].
[Viele Freunde] habe [ich] [in diesen Gemeinden].
A part of the sentence can consist of more than one word. When it comes to the "verb on second place" rule, you count the elements, not the words.
I am curious, can somebody tell me when would the German use the term, die Gemeinde? I mean, there are obviously different translations in English, but what would be the "proper", the most frequent use of this term? A parish, a neighborhood, a community, a municipality, a congregation, etc?
There is no single "proper" translation; it depends on whether you are talking about church disticts or the people who belong to a certain church, or about the town you live in. All of them are called Gemeinde.
Then I guess wherever one uses this term, can't make a miss :) Thank you for answer!
Yes. The nominative singular is "die Gemeinde", so "den Gemeinden" must be dative plural. Also, in is one of the "two-way" prepositions that can take either accusative or dative. As here it's talking about a "static" state, with no movement or action, that's another pointer to the noun being dative.
So, we the following sentence structure:
[Dative phrase denoting place] - In diesen Gemeinden
[Verb] - habe (in the second position in the sentence)
[Nominative subject] - ich
[Accusative phrase for direct object] - viele Freunde
Why "Gemeinde" isn't accepted to be "clubs" while there have been other sentences where it has been given as a such translation?
Can someone explain why it is "habe ich...", instead of "Ich habe.."? I have realized that German places the verb before "ich, du, etc".
German always puts verbs as the second element in a sentence (for statements at least; commands and many questions put the verb first). So in this sentence the adverbial phrase "in diesen Gemeinden" takes up the first position, so the verb "habe" needs to come right after it. There's no rule that the verb must come before (or after) the subject.
Similarly, we could put the subject first and then "habe" would come right after that: "Ich habe viele Freunde in diesen Gemeinden." Whatever item you put first, the verb needs to come second, right after it.
just asking: if I spend 4 lingots to have a heart refill, do I lose it the next lesson?? always?