https://www.duolingo.com/Elliot-M

Zu, zur, zum and in, ins, im

can somebody explain these please?

from what I understand, zu + der = Zur and zu + dem = zum

not too sure about in, ins and im though. I'm guessing it works the same way.

when you see a sentence such as " ich gehe zu dem Zahnarzt"

it would change to "ich gehe zum Zahnarzt"

what I don't understand is why "Zahnarzt" is in dative? Is "zu" a two-way preposition ?

and also why is " I am going to the dentist" - "ich gehe zum Zahnarzt"

yet "I am going to the cinema" - "ich gehe ins Kino"

could it not just be "ich gehe zum Kino"?

Thanks

September 26, 2017

4 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Hannibal-Barkas
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If you are going "zum Kino" you will end up standing in front of it (maybe to meet someone as a starting point to go out for a drink) while others are "ins Kino" which means inside the building to watch a movie.

On the other hand, you will go "zum Zahnarzt" for you have to be near him/her to have a treatment. You will never end up IN the dentist unless he is a canibal or you are a virus or bacteria.

September 27, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/mizinamo
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https://www.duolingo.com/LFG183608

Zu is a dative preposition.

zu + dem = zum

zu + der = zur

zum (dative) = towards (directional)

ins (in das - accusative) = into (outside to inside)

They seem pretty interchangeable but I'm not too sure to be honest.

September 26, 2017
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