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How Would You Say This Sentence In German (Dative Case)

The Sentence I want to say is:

The girl gives an apple a man

Would I say Das Madchen gibt einem Mann ein Apfel

Also when I do write this do I have to change the 'Ei n' behind apple to einem as it is the Dative Case or is it just the indirect object that the action is being preformed to. I would love to hear some replies and thank you to everyone who does!

September 29, 2017

7 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ally.x
  • 1201

Mann is in dative, Apfel in accusative. So you have it almost right but you still have to change the EIN to EINEN for Apfel:

Das Madchen gibt einem Mann einen Apfel.

September 29, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/GeogrphyHubInsta

Thank you very much!

September 29, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/EpicRuler1414

Das Mädchen gibt einem Mann einen Apfel

September 29, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/GeogrphyHubInsta

Thank you so much!

September 29, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/carlos-III

I would just add that German is very flexible on the word order. Because "das", "einen" and "einem" indicate the function of the noun (subject, direct object, indirect object) you can move the nouns around to emphasize different things.

Einem Mann gibt das Mädchen einen Apfel (emphasizes that she gave it to a man and not a woman) Einen Apfel gibt das Mädchen einem Mann (emphasizes that it was an apple that she gave the man)

September 30, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/GeogrphyHubInsta

Is it because the Das behind Madchen does not change to Der?

September 30, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/carlos-III

Yes, it is because the definite article for the neuter noun Mädchen is DAS, indicating that the girl is the subject or direct object in the sentence. In this sentence we know she is the subject because the indefinite article for Apfel, "einen" indicates that the apple is the direct object. If this is unclear, look up the declension of articles in german as it is something you will eventually need to learn.

October 1, 2017
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