"I am drinking her water."
Translation:Ich trinke ihr Wasser.
And what about when speaking? How do you know when is "your" or "her"? Same sound
Personal pronouns refer back to something that has previously been mentioned. So you have context.
If you overhear such a sentence from someone else without context, then you can't know the difference.
Like how in English you can't know - without context - whether "you" is referring to one person or several.
So the gender is based on not the possessor, but the possessed.
With third person singular possessives, it's based on both.
"his" is sein- while "her" is ihr-. So the stem depends on the possessor (is he male or is she female).
Then the ending depends on the possessed thing, like with an article or an adjective.
You'll enjoy(??) Brazilian Portuguese in which gender can be determined by the speaker rather than the noun itself (Latin, Russian, French & German) or more or less gender-less as English. Thus Obrigado is "thank you" but only for males while Obrigada is "thank you" for females.
Because it isn't.
The possessive adjectives mein, dein, sein, ihr, unser, euer, ihr, Ihr inflect like ein and kein, and have no ending in the masculine nominative, neuter nominative, or neuter accusative.
I don't know why. There probably is no answer to "why".
The possessive pronouns do have an ending, though, just as the indefinite pronoun (or whatever it's called) does: dein Wasser ist blau aber ihres ist grün "your water is blue but hers is green" (note that English, too, has an -s on "hers" which is not present in "her water"); ich habe ein Pferd und du hast auch ein(e)s "I have a horse and you have one, too".
Great Sir. It would be more helpful if there is option to copy-paste text from Duolingo mobile app. I have created Whatsapp group with my number in another cell, to learn German and refer it frequently. I have to type your many comments.
App is smooth otherwise, your and some other users make it rich.
What is the difference between Ihr and Ihre?
Use ihre with -e before a feminine or plural noun (the ones that take the article die with -e): ihre Katze "her cat", ihre Tiere "her animals".
Use ihr before a neuter noun in the accusative case (like here: ihr Wasser) or before a masculine or neuter noun in the nominative case (e.g. Das ist ihr Hund und das ist ihr Pferd. "That is her dog [masc.] and that is her horse [neut.]").
Masculine accusative requires ihren, e.g. ich trinke ihren Tee "I am drinking her tea [masc.]".
In simple terms, accusative case refers to the direct object of a verb, i.e. the thing that is directly acted on. Dative is the indirect object of a verb (often, but not always, indicated by the use of a preposition before it), i.e the thing that is indirectly affected by the action of the verb. e.g. In "The boy hit the ball to the girl" the ball is the direct object that is directly acted on (and therefore accusative case) and the girl is the indirect object that receives the thing acted on (and therefore dative case).
Note that some English verbs that take accusative objects are translated into German verbs that take dative objects. These are often referred to as German dative verbs because their objects are always dative case rather than the more normal accusative case.