"I am drinking her water."
Translation:Ich trinke ihr Wasser.
So the gender is based on not the possessor, but the possessed.
With third person singular possessives, it's based on both.
"his" is sein- while "her" is ihr-. So the stem depends on the possessor (is he male or is she female).
Then the ending depends on the possessed thing, like with an article or an adjective.
You'll enjoy(??) Brazilian Portuguese in which gender can be determined by the speaker rather than the noun itself (Latin, Russian, French & German) or more or less gender-less as English. Thus Obrigado is "thank you" but only for males while Obrigada is "thank you" for females.
Because it isn't.
The possessive adjectives mein, dein, sein, ihr, unser, euer, ihr, Ihr inflect like ein and kein, and have no ending in the masculine nominative, neuter nominative, or neuter accusative.
I don't know why. There probably is no answer to "why".
The possessive pronouns do have an ending, though, just as the indefinite pronoun (or whatever it's called) does: dein Wasser ist blau aber ihres ist grün "your water is blue but hers is green" (note that English, too, has an -s on "hers" which is not present in "her water"); ich habe ein Pferd und du hast auch ein(e)s "I have a horse and you have one, too".
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What is the difference between Ihr and Ihre?
Use ihre with -e before a feminine or plural noun (the ones that take the article die with -e): ihre Katze "her cat", ihre Tiere "her animals".
Use ihr before a neuter noun in the accusative case (like here: ihr Wasser) or before a masculine or neuter noun in the nominative case (e.g. Das ist ihr Hund und das ist ihr Pferd. "That is her dog [masc.] and that is her horse [neut.]").
Masculine accusative requires ihren, e.g. ich trinke ihren Tee "I am drinking her tea [masc.]".
In simple terms, accusative case refers to the direct object of a verb, i.e. the thing that is directly acted on. Dative is the indirect object of a verb (often, but not always, indicated by the use of a preposition before it), i.e the thing that is indirectly affected by the action of the verb. e.g. In "The boy hit the ball to the girl" the ball is the direct object that is directly acted on (and therefore accusative case) and the girl is the indirect object that receives the thing acted on (and therefore dative case).
Note that some English verbs that take accusative objects are translated into German verbs that take dative objects. These are often referred to as German dative verbs because their objects are always dative case rather than the more normal accusative case.
What is the difference between "ihr" and "ihre"
Same as the difference between ein and eine -- gender and/or case.
ihr is for
- masculine nominative: ihr Vater isst Brot
- neuter nominative: ihr Bild ist schön
- neuter accusative: ich mag ihr Bild
ihre is for
- feminine nominative: ihre Mutter singt
- feminine accusative: ich sehe ihre Mutter
- plural nominative: ihr Äpfel sind lecker
- plural accusative: wir essen ihre Äpfel