Duolingo is the most popular way to learn languages in the world. Best of all, it's 100% free!

https://www.duolingo.com/JunnyHernandez

Dutch and Afrikaans

How different are Dutch and Afrikaans? Which one would be easier to learn first?

0
10 months ago
1

3 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Joanne2701
Joanne2701
  • 16
  • 12
  • 10
  • 10
  • 9
  • 8
  • 7
  • 6
  • 6
  • 5
  • 3
  • 2
  • 2

Afrikaans is essentially a "daughter language" of Dutch, and they mutually intelligible to a degree. About 95% of Afrikaans vocabulary is from Dutch. The main difference is that Afrikaans has a much more simplified grammar system than Dutch and is going to be a bit easier to learn. If you want to learn both, I suggest you start with Dutch so that learning Afrikaans will feel like a breeze afterwards. Both are very beautiful and interesting languages and I encourage you to try learning both, but in the end, you should choose the language you're more interested in learning. Here's a Wikipedia article on the differences between Afrikaans and Dutch: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparison_of_Afrikaans_and_Dutch

Good luck!

5
Reply110 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Fire-ergens
Fire-ergens
  • 12
  • 12
  • 11
  • 7
  • 7
  • 6
  • 6
  • 5
  • 5
  • 4
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 465

Well it depends on your goals: if you want to learn both Dutch and Afrikaans I would reccomend starting with Dutch. Why? Afrikaans can be seen as 'a simplified version of Dutch' and thus easier to learn, this is not an advantage if you want to learn both Dutch and Afrikaans. Why is is not an advantage? Because if you learn Afrikaans first, you'll get used to it's simplicity which can be quite a big obstacle to overcome while learning Dutch.

For example: Afrikaans does not conjugate verbs. Dutch does. Once you are used to not conjugating verbs, learning a language that does conjugate verbs will seem a lot more difficult even if your native language does conjugate verbs. (personal experience from learning German after having learnt some Danish as a native speaker of Dutch. German and Dutch may both conjugate verbs in a fairly similar manner, but once you are used to languages that don't (such as Danish or Afrikaans), conjugating verbs in a foreign language will get difficult.)

So, which one would be easier to learn? Afrikaans. Definitely.

How different are the languages?

Afrikaans is a daughter language of Dutch, meaning that if a Dutch speaker were to focusvery hard, they would understand most of what is being said. Reading Afrikaans is even easier as it basically looks like Dutch written with a very old spelling. Considering that Middle Dutch is still close enough to Modern Dutch to be read without running into too much confusion, overcoming old spelling (of Modern Dutch) is a piece of cake. It juust takes more time.

Afrikaans has double negatieve and no verb conjugation. Dutch has no double negative (well, some dialects may have some form of it: 'Dat ga ik nooit niet doen!') and does conjugate verbs.

Oddly enough some 'dialects' of Dutch differ more from standard Dutch than Afrikaans. Afrikaans could in fact be considered a very unusual dialect of Dutch, but for political reasons Afrikaans is a langugae while some of the 'dialects' aren't. So, the languages are very, very similar.

I hope this helps.

1
Reply210 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/FritzGraven

I wonder were the double negative came from? I also discovered some German influence on Afrikaans. Like "valskerm" looks more like German than Dutch.

0
Reply6 months ago