"Men and women are different."
Translation:남자와 여자는 달라요.
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I think that since we're talking in a general sense here and not a specific group of people, if that makes sense, you can use the singular form. But I'm not sure.
In the question about cats and dogs the correct ans had 와 as the second word..개는 고양이(와) .. Here it's used in the first word..남자(와) Why?
This is 'men and women are different' The other sentence was 'dogs are different from cats' The change in location changes the meaning a little. In this sentence 와 is acting as 'and'. In the dog and cat sentence it was used to connect the two but not as 'and'.
Because 와/과 can be either: 1. Conjunction, means and. 2. Preposition, means with.
in the first sentence, only the dog is the topic of the sentence, and the cats are in a syntactic relationship with the topic word. in the latter, both cats and dogs are the topic and subject.
Because this one is men and women as the whole subject, where the other one the subject was just dogs.
I believe this is because it's a 르 irregular verb. In such a case, you take the stem (다르 in this case), change the 르 to either 라 or 러 depending on the last vowel of the previous character (last vowel is ㅏ therefore 르 changes to 라), and then you add a ㄹ before the 라/러. i.e. the ㄹ sound is doubled. (다 becomes 달 and therefore put the 2 together and you have 달라 as it's conjugation.)
I think that 는 marker is used for general, so the plural form can be omitted.
Agreed & I'm glad they aren't trying to make things woke with their sentences. It's difficult enough to learn another language that doesn't share the same letters or grammar rules as a native language. Adding in all the woke phrasing will make things more difficult, complex, confusing and have no added value towards learning another language. People in English speaking countries can't even keep up with the ever changing rules. How fair is it to place that on new learners? Additionally, many other countries haven't gone down the woke rabbit hole that the U.S. is currently in.