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There's no reason there 'should' be one in the English sentence. The point of translating is to create a natural-sounding sentence in the target language with the same meaning. Keeping the grammar intact is also worthwhile, but not if it creates something unnatural.
"I am wearing pants" - natural, accepted
"I am wearing a pair of pants" - natural, accepted
"I am wearing a pants" - unnatural, not accepted
I answered "I am wearing a pair of pants", which was considered correct.
In English if you feel the need to specify it is singular "pants", then "a pair of pants" is correct, but NEVER "a pant" - that isn't correct even in colloquial English dialects.
However, simply "pants" in English can mean either "a single pair of pants" or "many pairs of pants", so "I am wearing pants" is also a valid translation for this german phrase.
I hope this helps anyone who is confused about this exercise!
"I am wearing trousers" is accepted as a translation.
And that is indeed a correct translation, but it's not "the correct translation" (as in: the only correct translation) in English.
As you may know, the English that is taught in Duolingo is American English, and related to this, the English that is used to teach other languages on Duolingo is (almost always) American English. (The main exception I can think of is the Welsh course, which uses British English to teach Welsh.)
The question should perhaps rather be why English uses the plural "pants" even for one item of clothing.
If you need something new to put on your upper body, you can buy one shirt or two shirts.
And in Germany, if you need something new to put on your legs, you can buy eine Hose or zwei Hosen.
So you would use the singular Hose when it's one item (one pair of pants) and the plural Hosen when there are multiple items (multiple pairs of pants).
FWIW, in the fashion world, you will indeed occasionally hear someone refer to a singular pant, meaning a pair of pants/trousers. I've never heard it outside a fashion context, and never without some additional description - "the grey pinstriped pant looks better with that blouse", etc.
Note, I am an engineer, so if I'm familiar with a fashion term...
It's a bit unusual but a possible translation -- that you are saying that you are wearing exactly one pair of pants, rather than merely "I'm wearing pants / I'm wearing a pair of pants".
In German, ein can be either of "a" or "one", in general.
I've added "one pair" as an alternative.
When Joey wore all of Chander's clothes at once...
Back in the day, pants were two items. You would put on one pant at a time, different than combined version we have today, this was never the case for shirt or hat because it was always one piece. German seems to just refer to it as a single item like "a shirt"... 20 minutes of research on pants because Ich lerne Deutsch.
Is "Ich trage Hose " acceptable in everyday conversation?
Just as one wouldn't say "I wear shirt" in English.
Hose and "shirt" are countable nouns, so in the singular they almost always need a determiner of some kind in front of them, such as an article.
Also, why "I am wearing a pant" is not the correct translation?
Because "pants" is always in the plural in English. (Unlike in German.)
"I am wearing a pant" is a normal sentemce in English too.
That is not considered correct standard written English on this course -- "pants" is always plural, whether you are speaking about one pair of pants or several pairs of pants. "a pant" is simply wrong in the English we expect here.
In German, on the other hand, Hose is a normal countable noun -- so eine Hose is one pair of pants, zwei Hosen is two pairs of pants, and so on. It has separate singular and plural forms.
In German, Hose is singular -- it's a regular countable noun, and as in English, countable nouns in the singular usually need some kind of determiner in front of them.
Much as you wouldn't say "I am wearing shirt" or "I am wearing hat" or indeed "I am wearing pair of pants", you wouldn't say Ich trage Hose in German, but instead say Ich trage eine Hose "I am wearing a pair of pants".
This courses uses American English to teach German. For the purposes of this course, US English is "the correct English" (though UK English alternatives are often accepted as well).
If you would rather learn German from British English or Australian English or Indian English or any other non-US variety, then this Duolingo course may not be right for you.
It's not needed in the English translation, because in English we use a plural noun "pants" or "trousers", and we don't need an article before an indefinite plural noun.
German uses a singular noun Hose for this garment, and so it does use an article before the indefinite singular noun Hose.