"The path is short."
Yes and no. 짧다 (짧습니다) means "short", but in terms of length. 작다 (작습니다) means "small", but it's also often used for measuring height.
Ex: "남자가 키가 작습니다." 키가 means "height" 작습니다 means "small" So, the sentence literally says that the man's height is small, which is the same as saying "The man is short."