'next to' isn't accepted either. 'bei', 'neben', 'in der Nähe' are more or less synonymous, as are 'by', 'beside', 'next to'. I don't think any of these choices are actually wrong without some context. I was imagining the milk and cheese together in a refrigerator and the question was "Where is the milk?" I'm pretty sure I would always say "Next to the cheese," in that case. I guess for the purposes of the course, 'bei' means 'by', 'neben' means 'near' and I don't know about 'in der Nähe'.
I have heard next to the, around the, close to the, at the for expressing that something is by something else. But almost never heard anything like this: The gas station is by the Walmart. Look at this photo, look how cute out kids were, sitting there right by each other. Normally I'd say by when I was referring to go past something, like passing by. The only occasion I remember using it is: I'll stand by you. But that is rather supporting you and not literally standing next to you.
Is milk the subject or an object. i keep getting confused. It makes sense to me both ways but wouldn't this get confusing? Its the subject of the sentence I assume, so does that mean Ist is a direct object? Or is it just a verb. I dont think you need Accusative in a sentence all the time. So a sentence like: "Ich trinke die milch bei dem Kase" Ich is the Nominative(subject), Milch is the Accusative(Direct) and Kase is the Dative(indirect).
"The milk" is the subject of the verb "is". The verb "is" is followed by an adverbial phrase starting with the preposition "by" and "the cheese is the object of the preposition "by". It is not the object of any verb. The same applies in the German where "dem Käse" is the object of the preposition "bei".
Thank you so much for this explanation, these are things I understand in English yet have no foundation for in German, so I didn't recognise it as an adverbial phrase before this comment. Now it'll be much easier for me to determine when to use dative.
Now all I have to do is figure out how to memorize dative articles...
Well, if Duolingo doesn't just hate you, I'd assume there was a little mistake in your answer. If you copy-paste it here, we can go through it together otherwise you have to check on your own:
- every single word's spelling
- the umlaut of "Käse"
- the correct articles
- the adjustments to the dative case
- upper- and lowercase letters
- the correct preposition