I got busted for "Are those new machines?" but the translation given was "Are those machines new?" -- not "Are THE machines new?" as is shown above. The reason given for why my answer was wrong was "You used the wrong word," and the underlined ("wrong") word was... "new." So I'm really not understanding why my translation was unacceptable.
The difference is actually bigger. "Are those new machine?" is "Jsou to nové stroje?" in Czech.
It's not just a matter of word order, it's a whole different sentence with different syntax. Simple examples:
- Ten muž je mladý. (That man is young.)
- To je mladý muž. (That is a young man.)
SO... Just trying to figure out if a rule can be extracted here. Are ALL masculine inanimate plural subjects with an "e" (instead of "i") or is this just an outlier? And is there a way to tell a masculine "animate" vs. "inanimate". I'm a romance language guy (and English obviously) so this is a new concept for me linguistically.
You may want to add this site to your resource kit... lots of very useful information, but it can be somewhat overwhelming at first glance! Link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Czech_declension#Nouns.
No, many masculine inanimate nouns follow the hrad paradigm with the nominative plural hrady.
There is no way. Often you can guess based on the nature of the word. People and animals tend t be animate. Plants and non-living objects are often inanimate. The dictionary will have a definite answer. But some words can have an alternatve form of the other sub-gender (often bookish or poetic). That is an advanced topic though (dny/dni, hroby/hrobové,...).
The Wiktionary is quite helpful.
If you, for example, look up the noun "stroj" there, you can see it says --- "m inan", which is short for "masculine inanimate" - that's the gender.
Then you can also expand the declension table and see the forms in all cases for both numbers.