"She tells him she loves him."
Translation:Lei gli dice che lo ama.
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Gli = a lui
Lo = lui (as object)
You can see this sentence using pronouns instead of particles.
Lei dice a lui che ama lui.
(It's not natural, but to explain to you the difference it's the best way)
You should find listed both particles in the FAQ at #11 http://duolingo.com/#/comment/233855
In English, we can say "She tells him", which doesn't require the preposition "to". Or we can say "She says to him", which does require the "to". It seems to be similar here. Lo = him, Gli = to him. So Dire must require the preposition form and Amare doesn't. Does that sound logical to anyone else?
Yes we can say "She tells him". But "him" is nonetheless an indirect object (IO) the DO is what she is telling. If you put in both objects you get "she tells X to Y" so X is DO and Y is IO. It is a quirk of English that when the DO is absent with "tells" we don't use "to" with the IO.
I think the key here is that there is no Italian analog to "tell" in English. You must always "say" something "to someone" rather than simply "tell someone." Notice that the verb is "dire" -- to say. You are on the right track for sure -- "dire" requires the preposition, as does "to say."
- Lo dico -- I say it.
- Lo gli dico -- I say it to him.
- Gli dico -- I tell him.
Hope that helps, because it's helping me to explain...
To elide, or not to elide, is getting very confusing; if "lo amo" is preferred, why not "la amo" ? Is "o a" fine, but "a a" has to be contracted? Is it the other way round for hate, "l'odio" vs "la odio" ?
All I want to know is what is : mandatory, preferred, ill advised or just plain wrong. Rules please!
I wish Duolingo would be more consistent with its inclusion of "that". In this case it doesn't include it in the English but requires the Italian equivalent, Che, in the answer. In other exercises it uses it in the English but then doesn't need it in the Italian. It's really confusing
It there a reason to follow people? I followed this guy MrMcbeth (MAC) because he was awesome explaining Clitics. Now I want to go back and refer to his comments and I can not do so. Am I missing something??!! I went into Duolingo help but it was as helpful as the Clitics tips themselves.