Let’s make some words using hiragana!
Just memorizing hiragana can be difficult, so let’s try to make some words using hiragana.
Learning words with some examples will help you remember better.
There are some really short Japanese words. One of the vowels, e is え (painting or picture). Keep in mind that nouns that are singular or plural might not always expressed in Japanese words. き could be one tree or many trees depending on the context.
|k + i = ki||き||tree|
|t + e = te||て||hand|
|m + e = me||め||eye|
Let’s move on to words with two characters. The following words have Japanese pitch accent on the second hiragana. It means in the word うえ, you would say “u” with low pitch accent (L) and “e” with high pitch accent (H).
|u + e = ue||うえ||up|
|shi + ta = shita||した||down|
|hi + to = hito||ひと||person|
|tsu + ki = tsuki||つき||moon|
|ya + ma = yama||やま||mountain|
|ka + wa = kawa||かわ||river|
|i + su = isu||いす||chair|
|ka + o = kao||かお||face|
|ku + chi = kuchi||くち||mouth|
|mi + mi = mimi||みみ||ear|
|a + shi = ashi||あし||feet|
|a + me = ame||あめ⁺||candy|
The following words have Japanese pitch accent on the first hiragana. For the example, in the word えき, you would say “e” with high pitch accent (H) and “ki” with low pitch accent (L).
|ko + e = koe||こえ||voice|
|e + ki = eki||えき||station|
|i + ma = ima||いま||now|
|na + ka =naka||なか||inside|
|so + to = soto||そと||outside|
|a + sa = asa||あさ||morning|
|yo + ru = yoru||よる||night|
|ne + ko = neko||ねこ||cat|
|ku + mo = kumo||くも||cloud|
|a + me = ame||あめ⁺⁺||rain|
|ka + sa = kasa||かさ||umbrella|
|chi + zu = chizu||ちず||map|
⁺ & ⁺⁺ Those two words mean something totally different depending on the accent. .
What are the hiragana for these kanji? Please answer only 1 question per user so that many of you can participate.
下 人 今 月 山 耳 足 手 中 外 目 上 口 木 川 雨
If you have any questions or useful info for other users, please leave your comments.
耳 = みみ = mimi
ありがとぅございました HelpfulDuo This is very helpful, I would like to mention I think the wrong part of ame is bolded for candy though, shouldn't the me part be highlighted?
I enjoy getting to see some of the pitch accents for these words though, it is not something I often am able to find online.
雨 = あめ = ame = rain
I like this one because it looks like a window and it's raining outside.
Thanks a lot HelpfulDuo! I really like this duolingo japanese course. I started as an absolut beginner and I finished the tree today.
川 = かわ = kawa = river
I just learned the two kane in the last 2 weeks... now kanji and grammar ;)
Good job!! Now the hardest part... Although the first 100-200 kanji will also go pretty smoothly...
нэг хоёр гурван дөрвөн дөрвөн зургаан долоон найман есөн арван là Mông cổ
Moshimoshi- Hello. This is very helpful. Going to tell all my Japanese leaning friends. Bai - Bye
Is there an online source that has the list of words that change meaning depending on the accented syllable? Are these the only words that change meaning, or are there tons more?
ima (H-L) =now, ima (L-H) =living room
sake (H-L) =salmon, sake (no accent) =drinking sake
nihon (H-L) =two stick of, nihon (L-H-L) =Japan
hashi (H-L) =chopsticks, hashi (L-H) =bridge, hashi (no accent) =edge
kaki (H-L) =oyster, kaki (L-H) =fence, kaki (no accent) =persimmon
If you start looking at the dialects, there're many more I'm sure. Haven't found good online sources yet. Anyone? Any suggestions?
Thanks. All of this is very interesting. I'm learning Japanese from duolingo and memrise, with no prior knowledge and I had no clue about this. I've never seen anyone mention it. Years ago when I was trying to decide whether to study Chinese or Japanese first, usually the discussion was about politeness levels or about all the tons of measure words. But I've never seen this mentioned.
I had not planned to learn Japanese any time soon, but got hooked in after trying this course. It helps that I have some knowledge of Chinese. Not keen on learning new readings for characters or learning more measure words, but so far it hasn't been too bad.
ki is き everywhere I've seen it so far, but in your photo with all the letters the bottom part of ki is separated, why? Is that a font choice or did ki change over time?
The course is out, haven't you noticed people with the Japanese flag on their comments? If you have a phone, download the app and start it. We aren't sure when staff will write the code for doing the exercises teaching the characters on the web.
I believe that the answer is yes, but maybe there are some errors because this is still in beta.
Thanks for your guides! Just one remark: あめ meaning depends on the context (or Kanji) not on the accent.
For Tokyo standard, accent is clearly define rain and candy if you hear the words. Once they are written it's obvious with Kanji. Kansai accent is a different story.
Great list, I only wish it was longer.
Learning simple 1, 2 or even 3 symbol words can really help beginners like me both learn the symbols and start building a Japanese vocabulary.
I am VERY new to Japanese, and that stuff and I'm a bit confused, is there "the" "is" "they" "where" "when" etc, those words, do they exist in the Japanese language? Because I can't find anything in hiragana, :P but my sentences I make aren't making sense without those words, so hehe, I'm trying :)
HelpfulDuo can i ask how do you put japanese letters together to make a word. Its hard to see it in my perspective, can you help me w/ it.
Fun fact, "Kumo" : 「雲」means "cloud" in Japanese only when written in the appropriate Kanji... However, in Katakana (or Hiragana rarely), it can mean "spider"!!! Since you can't figure out Kanji when speaking (lol), it can lead to problems. xD
Imagine that your friend asks about the things that you like and you reply with...
「KUMO! KUMO が大好きです。彼らはとても愛らしでかわいいです。私はいつもそれらの上に乗りたいました！」
"KUMO! KUMO ga daisuki desu. Karera wa totemo airashi de kawaii desu. Watashi wa itsumo sorera no ue ni noritai mashita!"
Your friend slooooly moves away...
So remember to make the context clear, especially when you start the conversation about clouds (unless you are talking to someone who loves bugs/insects/nopes.) xD