Let’s make some words using hiragana!
Just memorizing hiragana can be difficult, so let’s try to make some words using hiragana.
Learning words with some examples will help you remember better.
There are some really short Japanese words. One of the vowels, e is え (painting or picture). Keep in mind that nouns that are singular or plural might not always expressed in Japanese words. き could be one tree or many trees depending on the context.
|k + i = ki||き||tree|
|t + e = te||て||hand|
|m + e = me||め||eye|
Let’s move on to words with two characters. The following words have Japanese pitch accent on the second hiragana. It means in the word うえ, you would say “u” with low pitch accent (L) and “e” with high pitch accent (H).
|u + e = ue||うえ||up|
|shi + ta = shita||した||down|
|hi + to = hito||ひと||person|
|tsu + ki = tsuki||つき||moon|
|ya + ma = yama||やま||mountain|
|ka + wa = kawa||かわ||river|
|i + su = isu||いす||chair|
|ka + o = kao||かお||face|
|ku + chi = kuchi||くち||mouth|
|mi + mi = mimi||みみ||ear|
|a + shi = ashi||あし||feet|
|a + me = ame||あめ⁺||candy|
The following words have Japanese pitch accent on the first hiragana. For the example, in the word えき, you would say “e” with high pitch accent (H) and “ki” with low pitch accent (L).
|ko + e = koe||こえ||voice|
|e + ki = eki||えき||station|
|i + ma = ima||いま||now|
|na + ka =naka||なか||inside|
|so + to = soto||そと||outside|
|a + sa = asa||あさ||morning|
|yo + ru = yoru||よる||night|
|ne + ko = neko||ねこ||cat|
|ku + mo = kumo||くも||cloud|
|a + me = ame||あめ⁺⁺||rain|
|ka + sa = kasa||かさ||umbrella|
|chi + zu = chizu||ちず||map|
⁺ & ⁺⁺ Those two words mean something totally different depending on the accent. .
What are the hiragana for these kanji? Please answer only 1 question per user so that many of you can participate.
下 人 今 月 山 耳 足 手 中 外 目 上 口 木 川 雨
If you have any questions or useful info for other users, please leave your comments.
耳 = みみ = mimi
ありがとぅございました HelpfulDuo This is very helpful, I would like to mention I think the wrong part of ame is bolded for candy though, shouldn't the me part be highlighted?
I enjoy getting to see some of the pitch accents for these words though, it is not something I often am able to find online.
Hello, I have been studying Japanese on Duolingo and using other sites for about a year now (not fluent yet though) and I would recommend you starting with the both Japanese Alphabets, Hiragana and Katakana(it’ll make pronunciation and learning much easier). I have used Japanese pod 101 and it makes it such a fun and fast learning experience. Japanese pod 101 YouTube channel has a lot of beginners content and I honestly find their way of teaching to be very fun and simple. I highly recommend you to use flash cards or you can make your own digital set in the app quizlet. Hope this helps!
Fun fact, "Kumo" : 「雲」means "cloud" in Japanese only when written in the appropriate Kanji... However, in Katakana (or Hiragana rarely), it can mean "spider"!!! Since you can't figure out Kanji when speaking (lol), it can lead to problems. xD
Imagine that your friend asks about the things that you like and you reply with...
「KUMO! KUMO が大好きです。彼らはとても愛らしでかわいいです。私はいつもそれらの上に乗りたいました！」
"KUMO! KUMO ga daisuki desu. Karera wa totemo airashi de kawaii desu. Watashi wa itsumo sorera no ue ni noritai mashita!"
Your friend slooooly moves away...
So remember to make the context clear, especially when you start the conversation about clouds (unless you are talking to someone who loves bugs/insects/nopes.) xD
ima (H-L) =now, ima (L-H) =living room
sake (H-L) =salmon, sake (no accent) =drinking sake
nihon (H-L) =two stick of, nihon (L-H-L) =Japan
hashi (H-L) =chopsticks, hashi (L-H) =bridge, hashi (no accent) =edge
kaki (H-L) =oyster, kaki (L-H) =fence, kaki (no accent) =persimmon
If you start looking at the dialects, there're many more I'm sure. Haven't found good online sources yet. Anyone? Any suggestions?
Thanks. All of this is very interesting. I'm learning Japanese from duolingo and memrise, with no prior knowledge and I had no clue about this. I've never seen anyone mention it. Years ago when I was trying to decide whether to study Chinese or Japanese first, usually the discussion was about politeness levels or about all the tons of measure words. But I've never seen this mentioned.
I had not planned to learn Japanese any time soon, but got hooked in after trying this course. It helps that I have some knowledge of Chinese. Not keen on learning new readings for characters or learning more measure words, but so far it hasn't been too bad.
I am VERY new to Japanese, and that stuff and I'm a bit confused, is there "the" "is" "they" "where" "when" etc, those words, do they exist in the Japanese language? Because I can't find anything in hiragana, :P but my sentences I make aren't making sense without those words, so hehe, I'm trying :)