"The child hates bread."
Translation:아이가 빵을 싫어해요.
If you're talking about 싫다 vs 싫어하다, no. 싫다 is used in conjunction with a subject particle, and 싫어하다 with an object particle. 침대를 싫어해. - Here you directly say you dislike the bed. 침대가 싫어. - Here you are saying the beds in general are bad.
You can also respond (somewhat rudely) with 싫어 if someone tells you to do something:
야, 연필 빌려줘. - Hey lend me a pencil. 싫어. - No.