"last person"

Translation:poslední člověk

October 4, 2017

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I'm having trouble understanding hard vs. soft adjectives. No other language I've encountered has this. What determines whether it's hard or soft?

Why not posledna osoba?


As a quick and dirty trick, if the adjective ends in í in masculine, it is soft. Nominativ, singular.


Thank you for the trick to recognize it, but when and why would you use it as opposed to a hard adjective?


You probably know this by now, but for new users who might be wondering...

You don't really choose to use a hard or soft adjective.. When you learn a new adjective, you also learn whether it is hard or soft. When you use a particular adjective in a sentence, you use the correct endings for that adjective, depending on whether it follows the hard pattern or the soft pattern. More information is available at this handy site: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Czech_declension#Adjective.


That is a good trick im going to reccomend it to some freinds


Posledná osoba is slovak ;)


Is there a reason it cant be the oposit word order? Člověk posledni?


An agreeing adjective -- one that must match the noun it modifies in gender, number, and case -- generally appears in front of the noun. If this were a question, though, I believe that "Je ten člověk poslední?" ("Is that person [the] last?" would be fine. (If I'm wrong about that, one of the Czech natives on the team will let us know!}

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