"The first wine is very sweet."
Translation:첫 번째 와인은 많이 답니다.
Like in English where first, second, third dont really sound like their numbers... Same here with first in Korean. 번째 is like a counter for 1st 2nd 3rd etc. Similar to how 대 is the counter for machines etc. So for most numbers you take the base number (actual Korean numbers not sino Korean) and add 번째. Eg. 열 번째 = 10th. 다섯 번째 =5th. Numbers 2 through 4 get changed as they do for all counters. 2 = 둘 2nd = 듀 번째 3 = 셋 3rd = 세 번째 4 = 넷 4th = 네 번째 Number 1 is the only one that gets changed completely. 1 = 한나 1 with counters = 한 1st = 첫 번째. Another useful one is 몇 번째 which is used in questions. Like "what place did he come in the race?" or "what place is he in line?"
I hope that makes sense. And i apologise for any dodgy spelling. If i close the app to check then my practice session closes and i lose my comment.
Why don't the mods ever address the questions in the comments? I find this course the most frustrating of all the ones I've done. Sorry to vent, but it's driving me a bit crazy. I am wondering why other words we've been given for "very" cannot work here, e.g., 아주. Can someone please explain?
Well, there are lots of exceptions to almost all of the sentences in the Korean course. Trying to include every single one of them, I can imagine, is a bit difficult. Not trying to make excuses because, yeah, they should try to improve their courses, however, this IS a free language learning site, we should cut them some slack ^^;
I think DLG purpose is to show us 많이(many; much) a quantity adverb by nature can be used as a degree adverb, "very" -- Not that there is anything wrong with "매우/아주 달다."
The most obvious differences between '많이' and '매우/아주' are
▪많이 is an adjective used as adverb used mainly to describe the noun which precedes it. eg
테이블에 선물이 많이 놓여 있다 <=> 테이블에 많은 선물이 놓여 있다 (= There are a lot of <=> many presents (being) laid out on the table.)
▪매우/아주 are adverbs and can only be used to describe verb, adjective or another adverb. When modifying another adverb, those degree adverbs act as intensifiers -- something 많이 cannot do. eg
그것을 아주 많이 마실 것입니다. I will drink so much(quite a lot) of it => 많이 modifies 그것 and 아주 amplifies the meaning of 많이.
많이•아주 / 많이•매우 are grammatically incorrect.
아주•많이 = (beyond the norm)•(a lot) = a lot and beyond = 매우, excessively
매우•많이 = (far beyond the norm)•(a lot) = a lot and much far beyond = too/so much = 너무, exceedingly
너무•많이 = much too much => 너무.
▪"첫 번째 와인은 많이 답니다"
=> 첫 번째 와인은 단 맛이 많이 납니다 / 첫 번째 와인은 아주 단 맛이 납니다
= The first wine has much sweetness / The first wine has very sweet taste
=> "The first wine is very sweet"