https://www.duolingo.com/HelpfulDuo

EL, LA, LOS, LAS

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Spanish has 4 different forms for the English definite article the. The choice of which to use depends on the noun that follows as definite articles have to agree in gender and number with the noun they precede. Check them out:

masculine feminine
singular El perro nada bien.
The dog swims well.
La mujer está sola.
The woman is alone.
plural Los niños son dulces.
The children are sweet.
Las rosas son rojas.
The roses are red.

Rules for the use of the definite article are different in English and Spanish. In general, Spanish speakers use el/la/los/las, more than English speaker use the.

For example, Spanish speakers use the definite article with:

use example English
specific nouns El teléfono de Ana es nuevo. Ana’s phone is new.
general or abstract nouns La música es buena para el alma. Music is good for the soul.
titles La señora López canta bien. Mrs. López sings well.
parts of the body Me duele la espalda. My back aches.
surnames to refer to a family Los Bermúdez son muy buenos. The Bermúdez are very nice.
languages El español es más difícil que el inglés. Spanish is more difficult than English.
days of the week Los lunes son horribles. Mondays are terrible.
geographic elements El océano Atlántico es cálido. The Atlantic ocean is warm.
seasons El invierno está por venir. Winter is coming.
times and moments of the day Te visitaré por latarde. I’ll visit you in the afternoon.

Share your experience.

Are any of these uses difficult for you? Why? Do you have problems choosing with form of the to use in Spanish?


For more posts like this, visit our summary post.

1 year ago

36 Comments


[deactivated user]

    El gato. Masculine. La gata. Feminine Los gatos. plural masculine Las gatas. plural feminine.

    1 year ago

    https://www.duolingo.com/HelpfulDuo
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    muy bien :)

    1 year ago

    https://www.duolingo.com/NetoHb
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    that is correct!

    1 year ago

    https://www.duolingo.com/SGuthrie0

    From my experience as a learner, the examples shown here are the easy ones -- at the beginner level. However, as someone who is farther along, I have trouble knowing when, and when not, to use a definite article.

    I do know that: In general, use an article if the noun is the subject of the sentence. All the examploes above meet this criterion.

    Related to this: If the verb is "gustar" then the predicate does need a definite article (because with gustar, the predicate is actually as subject, due to the reflexivity of "gustar" "Me gusta el arroz."
    "No me gustan las verduras. " (I don't like vegetables.)

    Much harder is knowing when or when not to use the definite article when the noun is in the predicate -- if it is a direct object. Or is the object of a preposition.

    For examples: (These are all from Duolingo.)

    Let's not talk about money. (No discutamos ___ dinero.) Does "dinero' require a definite article?

    Voy a Barcelona ___ próximo año. (I'm going to Barcelona next year.) Does a definite article go in the blank?

    Nunca como _ frijoles. (definite article or not, in blank?)

    coge cereales para ___ desayuno mañana. (definite article or not, in blank?) Pick up some cereal for breakfast tomorrow.

    La unidad es mejor que___ dinero. Unity is better than money

    Es importante tener ___ inteligencia It's important to have intelligence.

    El precio de ___ comida es muy alto! The price of food is very high.

    Vamos a hornear una torta para ___ postre Let's bake a cake for dessert!

    Ella no quiere ____ tarta. She doesn't want cake.

    ¡El café me da _ energía! Coffee gives me energy .
    Yo odio
    café. I hate coffee

    Ella prefiere café sobre té. She prefers coffee over tea.

    La calidad de ___ servicio. The quality of service

    Mi amigo estudia ___ fotografía My friend studies photography

    Cultivamos ___ mangos en México. We grow mangos in Mexico

    My point is that I am mostly guessing when I encounter sentences like these, and am still pretty confused. (about definite articles in the predicate.)

    1 year ago

    https://www.duolingo.com/HelpfulDuo
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    We might write another post to address more advance uses of articles. Thanks for pointing it out.

    1 year ago

    https://www.duolingo.com/idlechrononaut

    I am having the same difficulty. Knowing when to use the definite article has tripped me up in many of the practices.

    10 months ago

    https://www.duolingo.com/XDWHY
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    Thanks Duolingo for your support, you have improved the lives of many biolangual cultures :)

    1 year ago

    https://www.duolingo.com/bradrussel

    One area that tripped me up recently was the fact that you use "el" before a feminine noun that begins with an a. Example: el agua clara.

    1 year ago

    https://www.duolingo.com/Scharing2
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    If the "a" at the beginning of the word is emphasised, the article is "el". I think this is just to avoid two emphasised "a" that close. But pay attention: the plural is feminine! El agua - las aguas, el arma - las armas, el alma - las almas.
    And the adjectives keep their female endings: El agua fría - el arma nueva....

    1 year ago

    https://www.duolingo.com/Cy-Kill

    This is the kind of stuff that gets me every time. Some words there seems to be no way of knowing ahead of time.

    1 year ago

    https://www.duolingo.com/EpicRuler1414
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    Lol. Compared to Greek and even German this seems so easy.

    1 year ago

    https://www.duolingo.com/Vernunftstimme

    How is german harder here? German has 3 definite articles and Spanish has 4.

    1 year ago

    https://www.duolingo.com/Tony979198
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    German has 4 too (3 singular + 1 plural)

    1 year ago

    https://www.duolingo.com/NetoHb
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    I agree with you!

    1 year ago

    https://www.duolingo.com/ludalotu
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    German is harder :) I agree

    1 year ago

    https://www.duolingo.com/LisaRichar118409

    I'm slowly getting the hang of this. :)

    1 year ago

    https://www.duolingo.com/GeiveonWat

    this is sort of a refresher for me, even though i am in spanish 1. thanks!

    1 year ago

    https://www.duolingo.com/-Miw-

    Good

    1 year ago

    https://www.duolingo.com/DUODELETED153

    They're easy to me, because I'm Portuguese and Portuguese people tend to understand Spanish better. Lo - O La - A Los - Os Las - As

    Just remove the "L". Simple.

    1 year ago

    https://www.duolingo.com/Catherinna88

    Gracias! It gets tricky when you can't tell if the word is masculine or feminine! :D

    1 year ago

    https://www.duolingo.com/SGuthrie0

    Generally, you can tell. However, some you need to memorize.

    This will help. https://www.spanishdict.com/guide/masculine-and-feminine-nouns

    1 year ago

    https://www.duolingo.com/Alexey763195

    Gracias!

    1 year ago

    https://www.duolingo.com/FranciscoS292175

    alguien sabe que dice esta frase y si es un verbo irregular plix: After a simple freshening up

    1 year ago

    https://www.duolingo.com/ElwoodBirg

    son usted bueno a espanol?

    1 year ago

    https://www.duolingo.com/juanpablo.150885

    No se entiende lo que quisiste escribir

    1 year ago

    https://www.duolingo.com/81cheney
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    There's also lo, the neuter article which is rarely used.

    1 year ago

    https://www.duolingo.com/James560117

    When would it be used? In my brief time learning the language it seems like everything is gendered one way or the other.

    1 year ago

    https://www.duolingo.com/kiki15082007

    It's kind of difficult. But Im good now. Thanks

    1 year ago

    https://www.duolingo.com/DestinyMariie

    espanol es muy dificil, pero....gracias :)

    1 year ago

    https://www.duolingo.com/Chiomy0

    Thanks a lot for these explanation. I get confused especially with Los and Las.

    1 year ago

    https://www.duolingo.com/Donald919821
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    Well, los is angeles and las is vegas.:)

    1 year ago

    https://www.duolingo.com/RioRidhony

    thnks

    11 months ago

    https://www.duolingo.com/Mara186484

    Muchas gracias. No problema aqui.

    4 months ago

    https://www.duolingo.com/HistoryNerd90

    Gracias, esto me ayudará en el futuro

    2 months ago

    https://www.duolingo.com/Tyrha1
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    this is very helpful the more i see when to use certain "the" more i'm confident on which one to use. thank you!

    2 months ago
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