French Translation Help: 2 Verb Rule and Direct Object Pronouns?
I have been given French homework to translate sentences such as 'You are starting the course today' and 'She is meeting her boyfriend'. I also need to translate them from the full French sentence into direct object pronouns e.g. You are starting it today.
Could anyone please help me with the grammar rules necessary for this as I am unsure what rules apply and where to place the direct object pronoun. I would be grateful for any help :)
It seems pretty simple to me. You should be able to do that at level 8, I think.
I will give you the translations. Someone else may want to explain the incredibly complex grammar rules that are involved, hehe.
- Tu commences le cours aujourd'hui. Tu le commences aujourd'hui.
- Elle rencontre son petit ami. Elle le rencontre.
If I have understood your assignment correctly. ;)
The direct object pronoun goes between the subject and the verb, even if there are several verbs.
- Elle le rencontre (She meets him)
- Elle l'a rencontré (She has met him)
- Elle l'avait entendu arriver (She had heard him arrive)
PS: Of course, there are always exceptions. French rules always have exceptions. ;) If you use the verb 'aller', it will be different.
- Elle va le rencontrer (She is going to meet him)
- Elle va aller le voir (She is going to go see him)
- Elle ira le voir (She will go see him)
Using 'aller' to form the future is rather informal, though. And in the 19th century, it was not uncommon to write 'Elle l'ira voir', instead of 'Elle ira le voir'. So this exception is rather modern and informal.
There are other exceptions, like with 'pouvoir', 'vouloir' and possibly many other verbs. But that may be too much for now. ;) These exceptions only happen when there are at least two verbs, though.
You probably know 'Je t'aime', so you can use it to remember where the direct object pronoun goes:
- Je t'aime (I love you)
- Je t'ai aimé(e) (I have loved you)
- Je vais t'aimer (I will love you)