"Don't be sad."
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Yes, you are exactly right. The <sub>읍시오/</sub>ㅂ니다 ending is the most formal speech pattern commonly in use. It is more commonly used by men, as that is the standard in the military, and they are all required to serve. There are actually 7 different speech levels, but conversation is usually in one of three:
해요체--the style of choice in most normal, everyday situations where politeness is expected. Common Korean phrases like “안녕하세요?” (how are you?) and “고마워요” (thank you) belong in this category. Regardless of the relative rank (higher, lower, or the same level) of the addressee, 해요체 can be used when speaking respectfully or politely
합쇼체--very respectful, polite form of formal speech used to speak to strangers or to elders. It’s used in the service industry to speak to customers, and in business settings for presentations, or to speak to people like the CEO of a company or president of a nation. It’s also used by anchormen during a newscast.
해체 is informal, casual speech with no added degree of respect or politeness-- “반말” (low form) and what Korean people use when they speak casually to each other. It’s used between close friends and family, by adults to speak to children or minors, between children, and also by adults to speak to old friends.
슬퍼하지 마십시오 is a long form negation of the verb 슬퍼하다 ("to be sad"), in the imperative mood, at the formal level with an additional honorific.
- Form the long form imperative negation with the auxiliary verb ~지 말다:
슬퍼하다 + ~지 말다 → 슬퍼하지 말다
- Conjugate to the formal level with an additional honorific:
슬퍼하지 말다 → 슬퍼하지 마십시오