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  5. "When the light will be turneā€¦

"When the light will be turned on I will read well"

Translation:Taa itakapowashwa nitasoma vizuri

October 11, 2017


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help! The teaching at the beginning of the chapter doesn't cover this at all. Where do the "ka" and the "po" come from and why?

October 11, 2017


I don't know what lesson this is in, but the -po- is the relative marker for class 16 locative. It can either be "where" or "when", but I think usually "when". I don't mean in the sense of asking a question but in other kinds of questions. Eg.

ninapokula = when/where I eat

You can clarify which one you mean ...

wakati ninapokula = ((at) the time) when I eat
mahali ninapokula ((in) the place) where I eat

The relative markers can only be added to certain verb structures. One funny little quirk is that the future marker -ta- becomes -taka- when there's a relative marker after it. So the verb above breaks down as

i- = it (class 9)
-taka- = will (future before relative)
-po- = when/where (class 16 relative)
-wash(a) = turn on
-w(a) = be ...-ed (passive)

October 11, 2017
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