1. Forum
  2. >
  3. Topic: German
  4. >
  5. "The girl has a grandfather."

"The girl has a grandfather."

Translation:Das Mädchen hat einen Großvater.

March 13, 2013



Why is it "einen" and not "ein"? I'm confused

  • 2642

@nyanCat : Do read the other comments. For 'Großvater' (the object which the girl has) accusative case is used (like Lenkvist pointed out) + der Großvater (masculine singular) = einen. See the following table: http://www.canoo.net/inflection/ein:Art:Indef:SG


Shouldn't we use genitive (indicates possession or relationship) in this case?

The girl HAS (she has, possession) a grandfather.

Das Mädchen hat EINES Großvater.

p.s. I did a little checking before posting and found out that this is how genitive should be like (I guess hahaha):

Der Großvater des Mädchens.

  • 2642

No, accusative is to be used here.
The girl has a grandfather. = Das Mädchen hat einen Großvater.
The grandfather OF THE girl = Der Großvater des Mädchens (like you wrote)
See the difference?
I hope this helps.


Thanks for clarifying


Accusative: ask the question - who or what ?

In this case the girl has who or what ? Answer: A Grandfather.. therefore accusative applies.

Ein Grossvater -> Einen in the accusative case.


Why is Madchen a neuter noun here? Is it considered a feminine noun somewhere else, or is it always a neuter noun?


It is always a neuter noun. "-chen" is used as a diminutive. For example: Der Mann (The man) || Das Männchen (The little man). Note that an ümlaut is added to represent a change in sound (Baum > Bäumchen || Haus > Häuschen). "Die Mädchen" translates as "The girls".


So confusing, is there a rule to follow here ?


Mädchen is now the standard word for girl, but its origin lies in Magd.


I got it right. I wondering when/why to use Das Madchen or Die Madchen.


the girl = das Mädchen - the girls = die Mädchen. "Die" in this case is plural, not feminine


Any one else having a problem with the speech recognition on this sentence. I've spoken it correctly over 20 times and it throws an error? I can't finish this section without it.


Surely the schluss "s" character is an alternative to writing "ss" & since our non-German keyboards do not have the schluss 's' it is good to also use the 'ss' alternative!


Why did Duo write Jenes in the answer instead of Das?

Learn German in just 5 minutes a day. For free.