https://www.duolingo.com/Dave599890

Usage of les and des

"I am having difficulty understanding the correct usage of "les" and "des". I thought "les" conformed to the English usage of the, and "des" was a more generalised word where some could be used in English, but isn't. In the segment irregular plurals these guidelines appear to be fluid. Can you give me a better understanding when to use these articles?"

October 14, 2017

2 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/daKanga

In French, nouns are normally preceeded by articles. And the articles need to conform in gender and number to the noun to which they refer.

So you get:
le garçon : the boy
les garçons : the boys ( i.e. more than one - plural - and refers to a specific set of boys )

un garçon : a boy (i.e. not a specific boy )
des garçons : some boys ( as in not a specific group of boys )

You will read/hear also that un / des refered to as indefinite articles. Once again indicating they are not refering to a specific boy, or specific group of boys.

la fille : the girl
les filles : the girls

une fille : a girl ( indefinite )
des filles : some girls ( indefinite )

Also note : mostly in French, they use an article (i.e. le , la , les , un , une , des) before every noun. While in English there are more instances where we do not use an article ( i.e. the, they, a/an/one , some/any )

Lawless-indefinite-article

October 14, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/Dave599890

thanks lindakanga,

October 15, 2017
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