What is the difference between euch and dir?
Hi! I'm rather confused about the difference between euch and dir. I know that they are both dative, and that euch can be accusative plural as well, but when do you use dir and euch in dative case? Is it a matter of preference, or is euch also used in dative as plural?
Thanks in advance!
You use "Dir" when talk to a single person you're giving something and "Euch" when that target is a group of people.
"Ich gebe dir den Apfel" and "Ich gebe euch den Apfel" both translate to "I give you the apple". But in the first case "you" refers to a single person, and in the second case it refers to a group of people.
accusative (the direct object)
du = dich ihr = euch
du = dir ihr = euch
"du" is singular, similar to the romantic "tu" or the archaic english pronoun "thou"
Nominative: du; Accusative: dich; Dative: dir
Nominative: ihr; Accusative: euch; Dative: euch
Nominative: Sie; Accusative: Sie; Dative: Ihnen