"우리는 자동차가 있으나 택시를 타고 간다."
Translation:Although we have a car, we go by taxi.
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"However" (-지만) is a contrasting conjunction linking 2 independent clauses with opposite ideas; but of equal importance.
We have a car however we take a cab. 우리는 차가 있지만 택시를 타요.
(으)나, regardless whether (or not), is a concession conjunction linking two contrasting ideas but with the stress put on the importance of the main idea (the subordinate idea is the one attached to (으)나) .
우리는 차가 있으나 택시를 타요. Regardless whether we have a car, we take a cab. ["Taking a cab" takes priority] => Although we have a car, we take a cab/We may have a car. We still take a cab, though (coll.)
I appreciate that theyre giving us these written lessons, but honestly i just do not have a good enough grasp on the different forms to be learning the written form at this point. I study Korean on Duolingo alone, so i wish they'd find a way to explain the nuances between the forms and modes clearly.
 conjunctions of contrast or concession
지만 = but (/That said)
으나 = but (/All the same; notwithstanding)
는데 = but (/Still; Although or though)
는데도 = but even so (/emphatic 는데: Even though)
 으나 and 느냐
(으)나 is a conjunction, meaning "but". 냐/느냐 is a question ending (low form, 반말).
There is also the question ending 나.
Whether 나 or 냐/느냐, they don't change the meaning of the question. They reflect more the standing and character of the speaker: rough; assured; masculin, tough, boss-like etc.
이해했습니까 Do you understand?
이해했나 Understood? : tough man's talk.
이해했냐 Got the drift? (Capito? Comprendo?) : rough talk.
Suffix -고(and then; and also) is a coordinate conjunction used
▪to list two actions performed by the same subject in chronological order ie in order of time; or
▪to list two states of the same subject in sequential order where the "time" element is not factored in.
(1) linking 2 actions (chronological order):
-고(and then) is short for -고 나서(and then after that), a temporal adverbial. 나서 implies completion of the preceding -고 event.
Verb1(action1)-고 Verb2(action2) =
Verb1(action1)-고 나서 Verb2(action2), eg
택시를 타고 간다 =>
Action1: 택시를 타다 = take a taxi cab
Action2: 가다 = go
택시를 타고 가다 = take a taxi and then go => go by taxi/go in a cab (by inference)
In terms of time, Action1 always takes place before Action2 so there is no need for it to be conjugated as its tense can be determined by the tense used in Action2.
(2) linking 2 states (sequential order):
-고 means 'in addition to' or 'and also'.
Adj1(state1)-고 Adj2(state2) =
Adj1 and also Adj2 (but not 'state1 and then state2')
빠르고 편리한다 = fast and also convenient [not, 'fast and then convenient'.]