https://www.duolingo.com/juli_cr

plural form in Czech -simple question-

Hi,

why is Velici the plural form of velka and not velky?

(Sorry for the lack of accents)

Thanks¡!

Juli

1 year ago

7 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/MarcinM85
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Actually velicí is plural (masculine animate) of veliký. Plural of velký is velcí. Velký and veliký are synonyms.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/nueby
Mod
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Please read the Tips & Notes. This is from "To be pl.":

Adjectives

In the plural nominative form, soft adjective endings stay the same across all genders. The hard adjectives differ in endings between the genders predictably:

  • in animate masculine, e.g., mladí muži (young men)
  • in inanimate masculine, e.g., velké stromy (big trees)
  • in feminine, e.g., mladé ženy (young women)
  • in neuter, e.g., malá zvířata (small animals)

The consonant shift from k to c also impacts the animate masculine hard adjective before the ending. Thus we get from velký kluk (big boy) to velcí kluci (big boys).

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/walkinwolk
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I also noticed jaky to jací...I did not realize this rule until you introduced the course. Thanks for including this!

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Ceeciliiaa

The explanation is in Tips and Notes!

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/MathWizard129

Some of the plural nouns in Czech are completely irregular, so it makes sense. For example, the plural of dûm (house) isn't what you would expect, but it's domy (houses)

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/JBHayven
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On the other hand, ů historically comes from "o" so this is sort of justified (the change happened in some forms while in the others it didn’t).

CZ dům -> domy, kůň -> koně

Compare:

PL dom -> domy, koń -> konie

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/walkinwolk
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Serbian: коњ -> коњи

1 year ago
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