This isn't a comprehensive explanation, but in the context of this sentence: "I see ANOTHER five foxes" means that I see five additional foxes (i.e., five more than were there before). But "I see five OTHER foxes" (note the different word order) means that I see five different foxes (i.e., not the foxes that I saw before). In the first example, “another” seems to modify “five”, rather than “foxes”.
Here we are told that "another" is a better translation of the word "dalších".
Ok, but the word order is still surprising (and I'm not sure that it is mentioned in the notes). I tend to think of "pět" as meaning "a group of five", where the "of" is supposed to remind me of the genitiv. However, that analogy does not work here: in "another group of five foxes", there seems to be no reason for "another" to be in genitiv, while in "a group of five more foxes", the genitiv makes sense.
What if the "foxes" disappear? How to say: "I can see five more." Would that also be: "Vidím dalších pět."
Yes, it would be "Vidím dalších pět."
Everything that is governed by the numeral must be in genitive. For example:
Je tam dalších pět zrzavých lišek. (There are five more ginger-colored foxes there.) vs. Jsou tam další čtyři zrzavé lišky.
Co dělá těch šest zbylých psů? (What are those six remaining dogs doing?) vs. Co dělají ti tři zbylí psi?
Chceš všech pět lístků? (Do you want all five tickets?) vs. Chceš všechny čtyři lístky?
There is a better explanation of this elsewhere in the Czech course (perhaps someone has the link?), but in English and the other Germanic languages, we sometimes use “can” with sensory verbs to express something like, “I am currently seeing” or “I am currently hearing”, etc. “I can see five more foxes” might suggest that I have just noticed five more foxes, or five more foxes have just walked into my line of sight, etc.
"I see five foxes more" is (as of now) unaccepted not because of a missing "can" - we accept "I see" as well as "I can see". An accepted answer is "I see five more foxes." I'm not sure if placing "more" last here is correct and I can't find any source of info on this.
You're right, but we still don't want to include wrong English in the accepted answers, it would mislead a lot of learners who aren't native speakers. Also, Czechs come here to learn English as well even though it's not the primary purpose of this course.
I'm not against your wording, I'd just like to wait for another opinion because I'm not sure myself in this instance.
I agree that this is entirely good English; it is more literary-sounding, but not confined to poetic word-order gymnastics. If we dispense with the foxes (which are, perhaps, a distraction) for a moment, 'I got one point more' sounds just as normal as 'I got one more point'.
I also agree with you point below that 'five foxes more/fewer than X' is very common usage.
If it is not included it may confuse someone later coming across the construction where the speaker goes on to compare the additional foxes with something/someone else such as "I've got five foxes more than you" (which can also be expressed as "I've got five more foxes than you")
Vidím dalších pět lišek.... it seems to me that this should be translated as, "I see five more foxes", or perhaps "I am seeing five more..."....yet the translation offered includes the word "can". 'I can see five more...". I wonder why this would be the case? Would the transition, "I can see five more foxes", not be better as " mužů vidět dalších pět lišek"? Maybe i am missing something special about the understanding of "vidím"?
In English, "I see something" and "I can see something" are nearly the same. Not so in Czech. "Můžu vidět pět lišek" is along the lines of "I can see five foxes whenever I want, I can simply go to the zoo and I will be able to see them there."
We usually ask "Can you see that?" in English, while in Czech the same idea is expressed simply by "Vidíš to?".
On the other hand, "I see" has a secondary meaning in English (I realize something, I understand something now), but "Vidím" doesn't have that meaning in Czech.