NO! I learned about this in school. In English, a person can be robbed or stolen from - robbed is specifically a violent theft.
A house can only be burgled, or in the US, 'burglarized.'
At least etymologically speaking “burgle” is not better (or worse) than “burglarize” because both are new verb formations on the basis of the noun “burglar” (which is a loan from Old French so it does not originally come from a verb “to burgle”).