"The woman studies Korean."
Translation:여자가 한국어를 공부합니다.
공부하다 is to study and 배우다 is learn. Studying is working to commit information to memory, learning is assimilating new information into one's mind to apply it in different contexts. You can study physics all night and then fail your exam the next day, so you didn't learn anything. Likewise, you can learn to speak English with complete strangers by watching the TV show Friends, which isn't really studying it.