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  5. "Čaje mám hodně málo."

"Čaje mám hodně málo."

Translation:I have very little tea.

November 7, 2017



It's hard to get sth from this lesson without any tutorial, adverbs help site is empty


Why is čaje correct but not káva?


I think it has something to do with masculine and feminine nouns and how you decline the rest of the sentence


'Kava' is nominative but 'čaje' is the genitive form of 'čaj' (masculine inanimate). Because the sentence refers to an amount of tea it is 'partitive' and therefore genitive case. The correct (genitive) form of 'kava' here would be 'kavy', (feminine) but that isn't offered as a choice.


Because káva is coffee, čaje is tea!


Maybe re-read Blarni's comment: čaje is genitive, so it literally means “of tea I have very little.” “Kava” is nominative and cannot replace “čaje” here; you would have to use “kavy (mám hodně málo).”

Edit: I now realize that you may have got this sentence as a translation exercise. Okramism obviously got it as a multiple-choice exercise with "select the missing word," something like this:

  • __ mám hodně málo.
  • Čaje
  • Kava
  • Vodu

S/he had no translation to go by, only the grammar, and that's what Blarni explains in their comment.


For me, at least, i can confirm that this was a multiple choice question. FYI, Čaje and kava were the only choices (vodu was absent)


"Vodu" would be an unfair item there because the sentence "Vodu mám hodně málo." is theoretically possible as "I have water very seldom."


I wonder, though, if that's standard or just a colloquial shortening of "málokdy" (seldom). It actually took me a while to parse it, I guess "málo" is not used like that in my social bubble.

But not to confuse DouglasRut3, it has to be "Vody mám hodně málo." (genitive) for "I have very little water."


Is velmi interchangeable with hodně in this sentence?


"Hodně" combines with" málo " becomes "very little" despite that hodně literally means "many", right?


I think it means both. When a noun follows it means “many” (hodnĕ vĕci) or “much” (hodnĕ času), when an adjective or another adverb follows it means “very.”


Yes. Also with verbs. "Hodně piš!"/"Write a lot!" "Hodně pracuj!"/"Work a lot!"


I'm curious about málo here. I think I'm missing something. Čaje is genitive because of hodně. So I was thinking málo should be málého instead. Where is my thinking jumbled, please?


málo is an adverb, it never changes (unlike the adjective malý).

málo čaje - little tee

hodně málo čaje - very little tee

hodně actually applies the málo, not to čaj


Ignore word order for the moment. “Mám hodně málo” means I have very little, that's the basic sentence which, of course, triggers the question “of what?” The answer is “(of) tea” – “čaje”; you are perfectly right, it's genitive.

So in Czech it could be “mám hodně málo čaje” or, emphasizing the tea, “čaje mám hodně málo.” “Čaje” is dependent on “málo” (little [of tea]), whatever the word order is.


Of course it is, he replies sheepishly. I made it harder than it was. Thanks to you both.


I see someone said this six months ago, but: there really aren't any notes on this lesson? (And cheers to the kind people explaining things in the comments ...)


No, there are not.


Strange english sentence


It means "I really don't have enough tea, I really need more" - but if we use that, people will complain the translation is very inaccurate.


"We are short of tea." Does czech have an idiom? Thx


Czech has (different) idioms for "we are short of tea", with various degrees of applicability depending on context:

  • Došel nám čaj.
  • Chybí nám čaj.
  • Jsme bez čaje.
  • Je po čaji.
  • Máme po čaji.
  • Čaj je tentam.
  • Čaj je fuč.

Note that the sentence in this exercise has a different meaning than "We are short of tea", though.


The problem with that "idiom" in english is that for some it's "very little, almost nothing." for others and nowadays just "no, nothing". "We are (getting) short, we are running out of, we have to order ....."


True, that's one problem. The other problem is the difference between singular and plural.


why not: I have very few tea


'Few' can be used with countable nouns, for uncountable you use 'little' instead. That's English grammar rule.

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