https://www.duolingo.com/I_Am_Confuzzled

Ze- She or They

I was wondering how you find what ze means in a certain sentence. It has three meanings so it is confusing. Can someone help me?

1 year ago

5 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/gatiquo
gatiquo
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Look at the verb conjugation.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/grey236
grey236
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Ze/Zij can mean either 'she' or 'they' depending on the conjugation of the verb.

  • Zij koopt het - "She buys it" (notice the -t)
  • Zij kopen het - They buy it" (notice the -en)

Ze can also be a really unemphasized direct/indirect object variant for hen/hun

  • Ik gaaf het aan hen / Ik gaaf het aan ze - "I gave it to them" (a preposition+hun turns into hen*)
  • Ik zag hen / Ik zag ze - "I saw them"

http://www.dutchgrammar.com/en/?n=Pronouns.Ps07

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Rutger_W
Rutger_W
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You covered it quite nicely.

gaaf should be gaf.

I am wondering about leaving out the aan (where possible) when de-emphasizing the object. Ik gaf het ze. What do other native speakers think?

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/IwertM
IwertM
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Het klinkt niet fout maar ik zou zeggen dat dit eerder spreektaal is.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Dutchesse722
Dutchesse722
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Depends on where in the Netherlands you're from I guess. I would say "Ik gaf het aan ze/Ik gaf het aan hun." I think the last sentence is not correct, it should be "hen," but I didn't grow up using "hen" much.

1 year ago
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