Sin, sitt, sina....

How do you tell the difference between:

-Sin, sitt, sina - vår, vårt, våra - min, mitt, mina - er, ert, era get the point. Anyways I can never remember what means what, so any of you have any tips? Tack så mycket! :)

November 13, 2017


sin, vår, min, er - singular n-gender.

sitt, vårt, mitt, ert - singular t-gender.

sina, våra, mina, era - plural.

vår, vårt, våra - our

min, mitt, mina - my

er, ert, era - your (plural you)

din, ditt, dina - your (singular you)

sin, sitt, sina - his, her, its, their, but only when the owner is already presented in the sentence.

November 13, 2017

alright, thank you!

November 13, 2017

'Sin', etc. always refers back to a third-person owner previously stated in the same sentence, whereas 'hans', 'hons', etc could possibly refer, instead, to some other person (e.g. 'han ger mig sin väska', 'he gives me his [own] bag' vs. 'han ger mig hans väska', 'he gives me his [perhaps another, previously-referred-to man's] bag').

The others simply mean 'our', 'my' and 'your' (pl.) for common gender, neuter and plural nouns respectively.

November 13, 2017


November 13, 2017
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