There is one exception that proves the rule vis-à-vis offensiveness. During the Spanish Civil War of 1936-39, Valentín González González was a colonel on the republican side and a rojo in every sense of the word. He provided a lot of material for Stalin's noise machine under his nom de guerre "El campesino." His choice was regarded as a gesture of defiance against the fascists, rich churchmen, large landowners and capitalists who allegedly despised and disregarded him because of his lowly origins. Ironically, his family weren't peasants, but miners.