"Birds are singing in the yard."
I recommend "memorizing" the particle used with the verb. Normally with moving verbs or verbs expressing existence we will use に, and other actions will be で.
Moving verbs like - のぼる・とまる・出（で）る・入（はい）る・来（く）る・行（い）く
Existence verbs like - ある・いる・残（のこ）る・置（お）く
GOOD THING THAT THE KANJI FORM WAS ACCEPTED!
OR IN PLAIN FORM:
The subject often does not come first. If there is some indication of time, that is usually first. If there is also some indication of place, that is often second. Then the subject makes an appearance. But this is not a rigid rule.