The noun "der Hunger" is not made an adjective. It is still a noun!
You know that "being hungry" is a feeling and you have feelings, right? Everything which can be named has it's name aka the noun.
Perhaps you wanted to ask if there are other word pairs that use the noun in German and the adjective in English?
Well, then I cannot answer your question, since I do not know which German nouns do not have nouns as counterparts in English that are used just as commonly and if the English-speaking persons stay with the corresponding adjective instead...
You might just have to learn them by heart and maybe you can write a list for future learners encountering the same 'problem' to simplify it.
"Glück haben" means to be lucky (generally), to get lucky (once). (So, means both, depending on the context.)
There's the saying "Glück im Spiel, Pech in der Liebe", which you can say when your friend's beating you at a game. (That's the "generally lucky" use.)
Er hat Glück gehabt, dass ihm nichts passiert ist. (That's the "one time luck" use.)