A trick my German professor gave us to remember cases and prepositions

(TEACHERS HATE HIM because of this ONE WEIRD TRICK!) I couldn't resist.

He explained that certain prepositions almost always take certain cases. We've only covered accusative and dative (which luckily seems to be the order here on Duo!) and I find it super helpful.

For Acc. there are 7 commonly used ones:

Gegen Durch Fuer Ohne Um

For Dat. there are 9:

Aus Ausser Bei Mit Nach Seit Von Zu

He gave us a couple of melodies that match. For Acc. you can sing the tune of "London bridge is falling down," as "Ge-gen durch fuer, oh-ne um, oh-ne um, oh-ne um." Und so weiter.

For Dat. you can use the melody of Strauss' Blue Danube Waltz. "Aus ausser bei mit, nach seit, von zu." (Because I realize that there might not be many music nerds out there, here is a link: Everyone has heard it before, and the part you're thinking of is probably at 1:33)

Hope this helps!

November 18, 2017


Good suggestion to use melodies for learning! You might want to edit the spelling in your post, though. Außer is spelled ausser if the ß is not available on your keyboard (always replace "ß" with "ss".) This is important as it affects the pronunciation: ß and ss indicate a sharp s and a single "s" is pronounced like our "z". Also, it's not "seid" but "seit".

November 19, 2017

Press and hold down the ALT key whilst typing:

0196 for Ä

0228 for ä

0214 for Ö

0246 for ö

0220 for Ü

0252 for ü

0223 for ß

NB: You must use the numbers keypad and not the numbers above the letters. Also NUM LOCK must be on.

November 25, 2017

That's bizarre, I have never misspelled them on Duo or elsewhere. Thanks for the heads up!

November 27, 2017

Hey, it works!

November 18, 2017

I'm glad! I use it pretty often, even though we've gone pretty far past that stuff.

November 18, 2017

Your German professor sounds great

November 18, 2017

He is! He hosts weekly German nights where we can eat food and speak exclusively in German, and you can bet that whenever anyone orders food he asks for some saying, "Hmm, ich bin der Professor, ja?"

November 18, 2017

Don't Get It

November 18, 2017

A lingot for your horrible clickbait joke :D

November 18, 2017

hey, if it works!

November 20, 2017


November 19, 2017

In primary school German lesson we learned the following rhyme "Mit, nach, von, zu, aus bei fordern stets Fall drei" and that is indeed true, these prepositions are always used with dative case.

November 19, 2017

i still dont get it. sorry

November 20, 2017

great!!! I was looking for a trick like this!!!!! Vielen dank!!!

November 20, 2017

I can still add prepositions with Acc. or Dat. together - an in neben auf über unter vor zwischen I think its all - now it was my memory with 30years remembering

November 20, 2017

That really helps! Thanks!

November 21, 2017

To Twinkle Twinkle Little Star...Durch fuer ohne um und gegen, are accusitive preopositions.

November 22, 2017


November 22, 2017

And this one I picked up while in CH:

Aus bei mit nach seit von zu, immer mit dem dativ du.

October 4, 2018
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