https://www.duolingo.com/YamiSeif

How Do You Use Articles?

Hey guys, I am learning German and I have trouble understanding how and when you use: Der, Die, Das and Ein, Eine, Einen. If you have any idea how you use them, please list a summary in the comments. Thanks

November 20, 2017

8 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/StevenWath
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November 20, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/Kit845299
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When I click on the links it just leads me to my home screen... ?

November 20, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/pentaan
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These links only work, if you are in Duolingo's course "German for English speakers"

November 20, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/GANESHA580178

when I clicked it it send my to the the, the is something in duolingo

November 20, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/Kit845299
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Well, first of all, there are two main catagories of articles: definite (der, die das) and indefinite articles (ein, eine). This should not be too complicated since it is the same in English (the vs. a/an).

Then it starts to become a bit trickier. Which article you use depends on three things:
- the gender of the noun (male, female or neutrum)
- the number (singular or plural)
- the case (Nominativ, Genitiv, Dativ or Akkusativ).

An example for a male noun in singular:

der Hund (= the dog)

Nominativ (Wer?): der Hund (Der Hund spielt = The dog plays.)
Genitiv (Wessen?): des Hundes (Das ist das Futter des Hundes = This is the food of the dog.)
Dativ (Wem?): dem Hund (Er gibt das Futter dem Hund = He gives the food to the dog)
Akkusativ (Wen?): den Hund (Er wäscht den Hund = He washes the dog)

November 20, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/YamiSeif

What if the dog is a female? xD this is really confusing, I heard this rule but I sorta forgot it (not sure if correctly written) der-ein die-einen das-eine Thanks a lot for the info tho

November 20, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/Kit845299
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If the dog is female, then it is "die Hündin" ;)

"der" is the matching definite article to "ein" (der Hund => ein Hund)
"die" to "eine" (die Hündin => eine Hündin) and
"das" again to "ein" (das Kind => ein Kind)

November 20, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/Thunder_Lighting

Unfortunately there are no patterns that apply to the genders and which words they belong to without there being a slew of exceptions. So you will have to memorize the gender with the word as you learn them. Practice will make these very easy over time so just stay consistent with practice.

This chart should help if you just need to know which article to use with which gender. https://image.slidesharecdn.com/articlesforprinting-131010140930-phpapp02/95/german-articles-and-cases-3-638.jpg?cb=1381414222

November 20, 2017
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