How do you form the tenses in German?
I am having trouble with tenses in German. From present, past and future.
Hi Bourg, maybe is this website helpful. Here is the link: https://deutsch.lingolia.com/de/grammatik/zeitformen/uebersicht
Hallo! So I know it doesn't say I speak German on here but I learn it at school so I do not claim to be a master or anything. So here's a simple overview:
Present To form the present tense you take the subject (I) and the verb (wear) and you obviously have to conjugate the verb for the subject. So for example: Ich trage das Hemd (I am wearing the shirt) Ich esse die Schokolade (I am eating the chocolate)
Past In the past tense you have to add habe into your sentence and change the verb into its past participle. Essen will become gegessen. The past participle then goes to the end of the sentence. All verbs differ but most add a 'ge' on the front. Example: Ich habe die Schokolade gegessen (I ate/have eaten the chocolate) The 'habe' has to be conjugated but the past participle doesn't change. However, some verbs use sein (to be). So instead of using 'Ich habe' at the front, you use 'Ich bin'. I remember these verbs as 'moving verbs' as they are often to do with movement. One of these is gehen (to go). And example: Ich bin ins Kino gegangen (I have been to the cinema)
Future This is the newest tense to me but I hope it helps anyway. The future tense is a little like the past where the main verb goes to the end and you add another in its place. The verb I have used most often is werden (to become). So, at the beginning of the sentence you say 'Ich werde' then the main verb goes to the end of the sentence in its infinitive form. For example: Ich werde das Hemd tragen (I will wear the shirt) Ich werde die Scokolade essen (I will eat the chocolate)
Anyway, as I said I am no where near fluent in German or anything but I hope this helps. I'm sure there a absolutley tones of other places on the internet that explain it much better than me. :)
Go to a library => find a book on German grammar => read chapter about tenses => if still unclear, come back with a more specific question
I bought and studied "501 German Verbs".
It starts to become natural enough that, even if you make an error in real life, people will understand what you actually meant. They will laugh, but they understand.