Struggling for memorizing Korean words?
There are two major ways to create words in Korean.
- Native words
No idea, you should learn and memorize all. There can be meaningful relation but it is not for you(for Korean native).
e.g. 마시다 to drink
e.g. 사람 person
- Sino-Korean words (Chinese Origin)
If you find some relations between words pairs that have similar semantic feature and same syllable, that words are likely to be originated from Chinese.
Let's start with 부모.
e.g. 부모 (父母) parents :: father父 and mother母
e.g. 자녀 (子女) children :: son(man)子 and daughter(woman)女
then you can make (or find)
e.g. 모자 (母子) : mother and son
e.g. 부녀 (父女) : father and daughter
There can be seemingly identical words that have various meanings. They are mostly Sino-korean words(i think).
e.g. 부녀 (婦女) : womenfolk
Plus you have found 부부 (父婦) couple(husband and wife)!
It is just writing pronunciation. There's quite strict loanword orthography.
e.g. 스커트 (skirt : 치마 in native word)
e.g. 가방 (bag, from Japanese)
When you have some questions, let's share them!