https://www.duolingo.com/Staumer

Help! plurals-esperanto

I am a beginner in esperanto. Just to clarify: Gradnaj hundo kaj kato or Grandaj hundoj kaj katoj Which one is correct and why?

November 25, 2017

4 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/jzsuzsi
  • 25
  • 25
  • 20
  • 19
  • 15
  • 14
  • 10
  • 9
  • 8
  • 8
  • 8
  • 7
  • 7
  • 7
  • 6
  • 6
  • 5
  • 4
  • 4
  • 233

I believe both should be correct (except for the typo: it's granda, not gradna)

Grandaj hundo kaj kato = 1 dog and 1 cat, and they are big

grandaj hundoj kaj katoj = big dogs and cats.

November 25, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/salivanto
  • 23
  • 22
  • 14
  • 10
  • 8
  • 1161

Why on earth did someone vote this down? This is the best answer in this thread so far!

Staumer asked which of the following is correct.

  • Grandaj hundo kaj kato
  • Grandaj hundoj kaj katoj

jzsuzsi correctly answered that they both are correct. The first one means a big dog and a big cat. The second means big dogs and cats. (It's not not 100% clear that the cats are also big.)

November 25, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/Staumer

Yes there is a typo. It should be grandaj. I was thinking about a situation in which the dogs and the cats are big. Do we have to repeat grandaj or can we say it once?

November 25, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/jdroege

Go for clarity and emphasis. If you want to emphasize that the dogs AND the cats are large, repeat the "grandaj". Another way to think about it is to simply try to communicate. If your communication partner gets it, it doesn't matter if the grammar was less than perfect.

November 25, 2017
Learn Esperanto in just 5 minutes a day. For free.